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Thomas Craven

Thomas Craven, one of 134 convicts transported on the Hercules, 24 December 1824

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Thomas Craven
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1807
Occupation: Stonemason
Date of Death: 29th January, 1854
Age: 47 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Shop lifting
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Hercules
Departure date: 24th December, 1824
Arrival date: 7th May, 1825
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 134 other convicts

References

Primary source: England Criminal Registers (HO26/30, Page 39). Old Bailey - online. UK Prison Hulk Registers (HO9/8) State Archives NSW, Indents (Series: NRS 12188; Item: 2/8262; Microfiche: 658)& Butts of COF (NRS 12210) Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/5, Page Number 240
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Iris Dunne on 2nd April, 2019 wrote:

Convicted 28 October 1824 at the Old Bailey
Theft: shoplifting
1382. THOMAS CRAVEN was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of October , a hat, value 11 s., the goods of Martha Gardiner , privately in her shop .

THOMAS DANIEL GARDINER . I am the son of Martha Gardiner , who keeps a hat warehouse in Chiswell-street . On the 4th of October, between eleven and twelve o’clock, I saw the prisoner in the shop with two others; they asked to look at a silk hat; I showed one to one of his companions - it did not fit him; I put that into the window, and went to the back of the shop for another; the hat was within reach of either of them - when I came back the prisoner was gone, and his two companions had removed from the window; they then bought a hat, and paid for it. I went to put away the hats afterwards and missed the one I had put into the window; there was no other person there at the time. I looked about, and saw an old hat at the end of the counter. I then went down White-cross-st. - and on coming back I looked up Playhouse-yard, and saw the two persons who had come with the prisoner, just turning into Golden-lane; I watched them into a court; and then lost sight of them. I got an officer, and saw the prisoner in about five minutes afterwards, in another court in Golden-lane, with the hat on his head; he said he had bought it of a Jew that morning, and had given his own in exchange, and 10 s. I am quite certain that it is mine; it has our private mark in it.

Cross-examined by MR. LAW. Q. All the hats have the same private mark - A. Yes. I have sold a variety of hats corresponding in price and quality with this. I never saw the prisoner before that day.

JOHN TWEEDY . I saw the prisoner about twelve or one o’clock, and took hold of him and another; Gardiner charged him with having stolen his hat; be hardly made any answer, but on going down the alley he said he had bought it of a Jew for 10 s. and his old hat.

JAMES FORDHAM . I am a constable. Gardiner applied to me - I and Tweedy went and found the prisoner with the hat upon his head; there was another person with him, but not the one who was with him at the shop.

(Property produced and sworn to.)

Prisoner’s Defence. I met a Jew, and gave him 10 s. and my old hat for this. It is not likely that I should takea new hat from his shop to fit me without his seeing me.

GUILTY . Aged 17.

Transported for Seven Years .
https://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?div=t18241028-129

Criminal Register: Crime: Larceny in a shop

Prison Hulk ship Leviathan moored at Portsmouth, Received 17 November 1824, aged 17, Offence: Stealing a Hat

Applied to marry 6th February 1833

Iris Dunne on 2nd April, 2019 wrote:

Certificate of Freedom No.31/1141 dated 23 November 1831, Native Place: London, Trade: Stone Mason, Offence: Receiving stolen property, Trial 28 October 1824, Year of Birth 1807, General Remarks: Pit on left side of mouth. Had a Ticket of Leave No.30/324, 18 June 1830

Lyn Hudson-Williamson on 18th October, 2020 wrote:

Certificate of Freedom [31/1141]

Convict Changes History

Lyn Hudson-Williamson on 20th March, 2019 made the following changes:

gender: m

Iris Dunne on 2nd April, 2019 made the following changes:

source: England Criminal Registers (HO26/30, Page 39). Old Bailey - online. UK Prison Hulk Registers (HO9/8) State Archives NSW, Indents (Series: NRS 12188; Item: 2/8262; Microfiche: 658) Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piec

Iris Dunne on 2nd April, 2019 made the following changes:

source: England Criminal Registers (HO26/30, Page 39). Old Bailey - online. UK Prison Hulk Registers (HO9/8) State Archives NSW, Indents (Series: NRS 12188; Item: 2/8262; Microfiche: 658)& Butts of COF (NRS 12210) Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfi

Lyn Hudson-Williamson on 18th October, 2020 made the following changes:

date of death: 29th January, 1854 (prev. 0000)

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au