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James Cummins

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Cummins
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 27th February, 1799
Occupation: Ploughman/shearer/reaper/milkman/so...
Date of Death: 10th February, 1887
Age: 87 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 53 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Manslaughter
Convicted at: Tipperary Ireland
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Eliza
Departure date: 10th May, 1832
Arrival date: 6th September, 1832
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 31 other convicts


Primary source: (NRS 12210) Butts of Certificates of Freedom
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Gail Robyn Newman on 13th February, 2021 wrote:

Certificate of freedom #40/803 5 MAY 1840

D Wong on 14th February, 2021 wrote:

Clonmel Herald Tipperary, Republic of Ireland
24 Mar 1832

Philip Cunningham, David Cunningham. John Dwyer, William Shea, James Cummins and Thomas Cummins were put to the bar, charged with manslaughter of John Lloyd, at Laffan’s-Mill, on the 12th of July last.
  James Lloyd, sworn..Remembers the fair of Graystown ; was at the fair with his deceased brother, his wife, and others ; witness’s wife pointed out the deceased when he was struck ; witness as he was going to the assistance of the deceased was struck with a stone ; returning with the deceased, witness’s wife, his brother Tom and James Driscoll, a young boy, they were attacked by six men who knocked down the deceased with stones, at Laffin’s-Mill ; in the fair the deceased was struck down by old Thomas Cunningham and his sons, (James and Thomas) and others ; David and Philip Cunningham, James and Thomas Cummins and others struck down the deceased at Laffan’s-Mill ; this party came down from Cunningham’s gate ; saw Wm. Shea with a stone in his hand ; saw John Dwyer with a stone in his hand, which witness took from him ; witness was then knocked down with a stone by Philip Cunningham, and rendered insensible___(here witness identified the prisoners)___the deceased received four blows of stones and was knocked down in an insensible state ; did not see the deceased ever after ; believes he was thrown into the river ; in about three quarters of an hour after heard 3 shots, but does not know whom fired.

All were onboard the Eliza.

James Cummins was listed as 31 years old on arrival.
Brother of Thomas Cummins on same ship.

Native Place: Tipperary.

James was literate, RC, married with 1 male child, 5’7½” tall, dark ruddy and freckled complexion, brown hair, grey eyes, small scar over left eyebrow, breast hairy.

4/10/1836: TOL Penrith - altered to Campbelltown 9/10/1836.

5/5/1840: COF

21/2/1830: James married Margaret Croak(or Croagh) in Moycarkey.

James applied to have his wife Margaret (nee Croake) and his son Thomas, who was 8, to join him in Australia. They arrived on the ship MARGARET on 7/1/1839.  The family settled at Menangle, eventually farming on rented land, part of the Glenlee estate.

James & Margaret a further 5 children:
Winifred (b 1839)
Margaret (b 1841)
James (b 1843)
William (b 1846)
Elizabeth (b 1849) all at Glenlee, Menangle, NSW.

Convict Changes History

Gail Robyn Newman on 13th February, 2021 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: (NRS 12210) Butts of Certificates of Freedom (prev. ), firstname: James, surname: Cummins, alias1: , alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date of birth: 27th February, 1799, date of death: 10th February, 1887, gender:

Gail Robyn Newman on 13th February, 2021 made the following changes:


D Wong on 14th February, 2021 made the following changes:

gender: m, occupation

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au