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Martha Dowling

Martha Dowling, one of 127 convicts transported on the Mary, 03 June 1823

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Martha Dowling
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1790
Occupation: Housemaid
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Shop lifting
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Mary
Departure date: 3rd June, 1823
Arrival date: 5th October, 1823
Place of arrival New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 126 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/5, Page Number 65 (34)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Jan Knighton on 27th November, 2013 wrote:

According to the 1828 census for NSW, Martha was 38 years old and “Free by Servitude” coming here on the “Mary” in 1823
Also living with her were Mary Ann DOWLING.
7 years Came Free aboard “Mary” 1823 and
William DOWLING 3 years Born In The Colony.
There is also an Elizabeth DOWLING 11 years old who “Came Free” aboard “Mary” 1823 This Elizabeth could be the woman who went on to marry Thomas NIXON (tailor)in 1842 who was also a convict.

Laurie Kidd on 18th June, 2015 wrote:

Elizabeth Dowling (Martha"s daughter) was the wife of John Davis (son of William Davis/Mary Geer)

Penny-Lyn Beale on 7th January, 2021 wrote:

New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents.
No; 37. Martha Dowling
Trade; house maid
Age; 32
Height; 5 ft.
Complexion; Ruddy
Hair; Brown
Eyes; Hazel
Remarks; Has been here before - came with her mother Mary Armsley ? - 10 years since. Married Chris’ Dowling .... went home. Her sister still her in V D Land, Has 4 children, Sarah - 16 years, Ester - 10 years.  Eliz.  ? , Mary Ann - 22 months [very difficult to read]

1812 - Australia, Marriage Index,
Name: Christopher Dowling. Spouse Name: Martha Lessly ** spelling as per register **
Marriage Date: 1812. Marriage Place: New South Wales
Registration Place: Sydney, New South Wales
Registration Year: 1812. Volume Number: V A
1813 - Ester - Australia, Birth Index,
Name: Esther Dowling. Birth Date: 1813. Birth Place: New South Wales
Registration Year: 1813. Registration Place: Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Father: Christopher Dowling. Mother: Martha
Volume Number: V1813223 7
1823 - UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals,
Ship: Mary - 1823
Name; Sarah Dowling, Daughter of one of the convicts.
Age; 16 [1807]
Date; At sea. July 12th 1823.
Discharged; From the sick list - July 28th 1823

1828 -  Census;
No; 1399. Dowling, Christopher. Age; 48. Came Free, Jupiter 1823.
No; 1400. Dowling, Martha. Age; 38. F.S. Ship; Mary 1823.
No; 1401. Dowling, Elizabeth. Age; 11. Came Free. Mary 1823.
No; 1402. Dowling, Mary Ann. Age; 7. Came Free. Mary 1823.
No; 1403. Dowling, William. Age. 3. Born colony
Residence; Stonemason. Cumberland St, Sydney & Midwife

1850 -  Ticket of Leave. 50/16. 28 Jan 1850. Trial; London Middlesex - 19 Feb 1823. Sentence; Life

Penny-Lyn Beale on 7th January, 2021 wrote:

February 1823, trial of MARTHA DOWLING ANN SULLIVAN (t18230219-51).
MARTHA DOWLING, ANN SULLIVAN, Theft > shoplifting, 19th February 1823.
Before Mr. Baron Graham .

398. MARTHA DOWLING and ANN SULLIVAN were indicted for stealing, on the 25th of January , three hearth rugs, value 30 s., and ten yards of flannel, value 5 s., the goods of William Baldey and John William Marriott , privately in their shop .

Convict Changes History

Jan Knighton on 27th November, 2013 made the following changes:

date of birth 1790, gender

Penny-Lyn Beale on 7th January, 2021 made the following changes:


Penny-Lyn Beale on 7th January, 2021 made the following changes:


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