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Thomas Garbett

Thomas Garbett, one of 150 convicts transported on the Caledonia, 05 July 1820

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Thomas Garbett
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1801
Occupation: Farm labourer
Date of Death: 14th June, 1873
Age: 72 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Salop Assizes
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Caledonia
Departure date: 5th July, 1820
Arrival date: 17th November, 1820
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 149 other convicts

References

Primary source: Primary Source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 338
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Ron Garbutt on 30th May, 2015 wrote:

Source Information
Ancestry.com. UK, Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.
Original data:
Home Office: Convict Prison Hulks: Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849. Microfilm, HO9, 5 rolls. The National Archives, Kew, England.

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

Source Citation
Class: HO 10; Piece: 18
Source Information
Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
Original data: Home Office: Settlers and Convicts, New South Wales and Tasmania; (The National Archives Microfilm Publication HO10, Pieces 1-4, 6-18, 28-30); The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

Source Citation
State Archives NSW; Series: NRS 12188; Item: [4/4007]; Microfiche: 643

Source Information
Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls and Related Records, 1790-1849 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008.
Original data: New South Wales Government. Musters and other papers relating to convict ships. Series CGS 1155, Reels 2417-2428. State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.

Source Citation
Class: HO 10; Piece: 45
Source Information
Ancestry.com. New South Wales and Tasmania, Australia Convict Musters, 1806-1849 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
Original data: Home Office: Settlers and Convicts, New South Wales and Tasmania; (The National Archives Microfilm Publication HO10, Pieces 5, 19-20, 32-51); The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.

Source Citation
Class: HO 27; Piece: 16; Page: 1048
Source Information
Ancestry.com. England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.
Original data:
Home Office: Criminal Registers, Middlesex and Home Office: Criminal Registers, England and Wales; Records created or inherited by the Home Office, Ministry of Home Security, and related bodies, Series HO 26 and HO 27; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England

Source Citation
Class: HO 11; Piece: 3
Source Information
Ancestry.com. Australian Convict Transportation Registers – Other Fleets & Ships, 1791-1868 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
Original data: Home Office: Convict Transportation Registers; (The National Archives Microfilm Publication HO11); The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.

Source Information
Ancestry.com. Australia, Marriage Index, 1788-1950 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.
Original data: Compiled from publicly available sources.

Source Information
Ancestry.com. Australia, Death Index, 1787-1985 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.
Original data: Compiled from publicly available sources.

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

Source Information
Ancestry.com. Tasmania, Australia, Index to Death Notices in The Mercury, 1854-1930 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.
Original data: J & F O’Shea and K & A Whitton, comp. “Indexes to Birth, Death and Marriage Notices.” Tasmanian Family History Society Inc., Hobart Branch.

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

Thomas Wood, a free man at time, married Ann Wood on 6 June 1831, in Hobart. She was a convict at time of marriage.

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

Source information for marriage
Marriage certificate No. 412. Parish of Hobart, County of Buckingham, 1831.
Held by Archive Office of Tasmania

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

Thomas Garbett - cause of Death
On 14 June 1873, he was found dead by the Derwent river in Hobart. Inquest on 17 June determined that he had drowned.
Source of Information for death.
Copies of 2 documents from the Archive office of Tasmania.
i) Document no. 7210. Inquest report
ii)Registry of Deaths in the District of Hobart - page for June 1873

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

Thomas Garbett - cause of Death
On 14 June 1873, he was found dead by the Derwent river in Hobart. Inquest on 17 June determined that he had drowned.
Source of Information for death.
Copies of 2 documents from the Archive office of Tasmania.
i) Document no. 7210. Inquest report
ii)Registry of Deaths in the District of Hobart - page for June 1873

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

CON 31/13   Conduct Record of Thomas Garbett
197 GARBETT, Thomas
Caledonia (1)  March 1819 =  7
Nov 20, 1823 Gibson / Neglect of duty yesterday 25 lashes (Revd R. K.)
March 16, 1824 Jn. Gibson / Absconding from his master’s premises and coming to Hobart Town without a Pass 50L and returned to PW (    )
May 13, 1824 PW / Absent from his lodgings after bell ringing P.B. 1st Class (Revd R.K.)
May 19, 1824 Falsely reporting that Jno. Gibson of Clarence Plains did steal 12 sheep from Rd Westlake   50 lashes and 3rd class P.B.  (AWHH and G. V. R.) 
Nov 1, 1828 FS / Leaving his cart and bullocks standing in Liverpool St and no person to mind them – fined 10/- ?  (J Spode)
March 29, 1830 FS / Drunkenness yesterday – fined 5/- CPM
May 9, 1831 FS / Drunkenness yesterday – fined 5/- CPM
May 31, 1833   FS / Leaving his service before the expiration of his Contract his wages ?  17/6d (CPM and M Friend)
       
Inquest held on body at Hobart Town
17 June 1873 Verdict found drowned & c
  Crime report 4 / 7 / 73
Source. Transcribed from original (and barely legible in parts) document in The Archives Office of Tasmania

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

Details for the ship Caledonia (1) (1820)
Ship Name: Caledonia (1) 
Rig Type: S.
Built: Sunderland
Build Year: 1815
Size (tons): 412
 
Voyage Details
Master: Robert Carns
Surgeon: Alexander Jack
Sailed: 10 July 1820
From: Portsmouth
Arrived: 17 November 1820
Port: VDL
Route: Direct
Days Travel: 130
Convicts Landed: 150 males & 0 female convicts
Notes:

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 wrote:

Thomas Garbett and Ann Wood (transported on Harmony 1829) had a number of children after they married. Details are found on her profile on this site.

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

Occupation.
In the early criminal and convict records, Thomas is listed as a farm labourer, or simply labourer.
On the registrations of the birth of his children his occupation is listed as sawyer, except in 1843, where he appears as a carpenter.
Source information.
Various court and convict records cited previously as well as the registration records of the birth of his children, held in the Archive Office of Tasmania.

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

Date of birth.
While Thomas’ exact date of birth is not known, the Register of Deaths in the Hobart District for June 1873 lists his age at death as 67 years. This would make his year of birth 1806.

Ron Garbutt on 2nd June, 2015 wrote:

Thomas Garbett was tried in the Salop (Shropshire) Assizes in Lent 1818 with William Garbett (relationship unknown) for the crime of larceny.
They were both sentenced to 3 months imprisonment. this was the year previous to the crime and trial which saw him transported to Van Diemen’s Land in 1820.
Source Citation
Class: HO 27; Piece: 16; Page: 1048
Source Information
Ancestry.com. England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.
Original data:
Home Office: Criminal Registers, Middlesex and Home Office: Criminal Registers, England and Wales; Records created or inherited by the Home Office, Ministry of Home Security, and related bodies, Series HO 26 and HO 27; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.

Ron Garbutt on 4th June, 2015 wrote:

Children of Thomas Garbett and Ann Wood.
The following births of children were found in the Registrar General’s records:-
William born 28/7/1835   baptised 16/4/1837 (RGD 7561/1837)
Thomas born 20/1/1837   baptised 16/4/1837 (RGD 7562/1837)
female born 15/5/1841   (RGD 337/1841 Hobart)
male born 6/7/1842   (RGD 908/1842 Hobart)
John born 27/6/1843   (RGD 1547/1843 Hobart)
female born 29/8/1847   (RGD 220/1847 Hobart baptised Mary Ann at St. David’s, Hobart
female born 8/12/1849   (RGD 1990/1849 Hobart)  later named Eliza

The following deaths were recorded:-
Mary Ann Garbett aged 18 months died 19/1/1841 (accidental) (RGD 577/1841 Hobart)
male Garbett aged 13 days died 19/7/1842 (convulsions) (RGD 1101/1842 Hobart)
Caroline Garbutt aged 6 months died 1/1/1847 (convulsions) (RGD 1288/1847 Hobart)

Descendants’ family trees in Ancestry.com.au also list Sarah (1831 - 1903) and Emily (1832 - 1833) as children of Ann and Thomas. Apparently they were not registered.

Various spellings of the surname were used in these registrations. The most common spelling was Garbett, but others were: Garbeth, Garbatt, Garbutt. Most of the events were registered by Ann Garbett who gave her mark (i.e. she could not sign her name). In the registration of the female in May 1841 (RGD 337/1841) the mother’s name is given as Mary.

Ron Garbutt on 4th June, 2015 wrote:

Residence
On registration documents (birth/death) of her children, Thomas’ wife, Ann Garbett (nee Wood) listed several different addresses. From 1841 to 1842 her address was given as Cascade, Hobart. In 1843 it was 78 Murray Street, in 1847 it was Brisbane Street, and in 1849 it was given as Hope Island.

Ron Garbutt on 6th June, 2015 wrote:

Appearance (at age 22)
Eyes: Grey
Hair: Light brown
Height: 5’6 and 1/2”
Source:New South Wales, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls and Related Records, 1790-1849

Ron Garbutt on 6th June, 2015 wrote:

Source Information (Additional) for Death
Source Information:
Ancestry.com. Tasmania, Australia, Index to Death Notices in The Mercury, 1854-1930 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.
Original data: J & F O’Shea and K & A Whitton, comp. “Indexes to Birth, Death and Marriage Notices.” Tasmanian Family History Society Inc., Hobart Branch.

Ron Garbutt on 10th June, 2015 wrote:

Brothers?
Thomas, William and John Garbett were all convicted in 1819 and transported to Australia in 1820.
Thomas and William were both tried at the Salop Assizes in Shropshire, but for different offences and on different dates, Thomas on 17 March and William on 4 October.
John was sentenced at the Warwick Assizes on 7 August 1819.
Thomas arrived in Van Diemen’s Land 17 November 1820 on Caledonia. He remained here until his death in 1873. His son James, however, made his way to the Gilgandra area in the Central West of NSW, where he married and raised his family.
William arrived in VDL 26 July 1820 on Maria. He was transferred to NSW in 1823. He later settled in Cobbora, also in the Central West of NSW.
John arrived in NSW 22 April on Agamemnon. Records show that his sons, John and James ranged over a wide area of country NSW, while engaged in bushranging activities with Fred Ward (AKA Captain Thunderbolt).
Did the Garbutts congregate in this region because of existing close family ties?
On the Stuart Family Message Board site http://stuartfamilyhistory.proboards.com/thread/6
administrator Sarah Stuart writes:
Post by Sarah Stuart on Jan 22, 2011 at 6:42pm
Thomas and William Garbutt came to Van Diemen’s Land as convicts. Their brother John followed soon after. Little is know about William Garbutt except that he moved with his brothers to the Gilgandra area. John Garbutt married Sarah Ann Ward the sister of the famous bushranger Captain Thunderbolt (Frederick Wordsworth Ward) and had three children. Two of which helped Thunderbolt steal fifteen horses before being sent to Cockatoo Island Gaol. Thomas married a fellow convict by the name of Ann Wood and had seven children: William (b. 1835 Tasmania), John E D (b. 1843 Tasmania), Caroline (b. 26 June 1846 Tasmania), Mary Ann (b. 1847 Tasmania), Eliza (b. 8 December 1849 Tasmania), Thomas (b. 1837 Tasmania) and my great, great grandfather James.

James Garbutt was born in 1845 in Tasmania. He came with his family to Gilgandra, NSW and worked as a Bullock driver. On the 18th of March 1880 he married Rachel Catherine Elizabeth Mills and had eight children: Ethel May (b. 17 April 1887 Coonamble), Eliza Ann (b. 1882 Dubbo), Edith Jane (b. 1885 Dubbo), Isabella Caroline (b. 1891 Coonamble), Herbert William (b. 1892 Coonamble), Leslie Joseph (b. 1889 NSW), Edgar Vivian (b. 1897 Coonamble) and my great grandmother: Agnes Elizabeth Garbutt. He passed away on 26th of January 1918 at Gilgandra.

Agnes Elizabeth was born in 1881 in Dubbo. She married George Henry Stuart in 1899 at Warren, NSW and had eight children. (See Stuart section for her children.) Agnes passed away in 1973 at Sydney.

Leslie and Isabella never married and looked after their mother until her death. Their house in Armatree, Gilgandra was turned into a museum. Edgar Vivian worked as a cobbler, which was an occupation many of the Garbutt brothers tried. Garbutt is a household name in Gilgandra where there are many Garbutts still living.

I have been unable so far to find any solid evidence that the 3 convict Garbutts were brothers, but it seems possible, even likely that some family ties existed.

I did locate a source that shows Thomas Garbett and a William Garbett being tried together for larceny at the Salop Assizes (Shropshire) in 1818. They received a sentence of 3 months imprisonment.

Source Citation
Class: HO 27; Piece: 16; Page: 1048
Source Information
Ancestry.com. England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.
Original data:
Home Office: Criminal Registers, Middlesex and Home Office: Criminal Registers, England and Wales; Records created or inherited by the Home Office, Ministry of Home Security, and related bodies, Series HO 26 and HO 27; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.
The National Archives give no warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or fitness for the purpose of the information provided. Images may be used only for purposes of research, private study or education. Applications for any other use should be made to The National Archives Image Library, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU, Tel: 020 8392 5225. Fax: 020 8392 5266.

Ron Garbutt on 15th June, 2015 wrote:

Source for Details of Ship: Caledonia I (1820)

Claim a Convict website.
http://www.hawkesbury.net.au/claimaconvict/shipDetails.php?shipId=186

Ron Garbutt on 17th June, 2015 wrote:

Correction.
Entry on 1 June 2015 should read:Thomas Garbett, a free man at time, married Ann Wood on 6 June 1831, in Hobart. She was a convict at time of marriage.

Ron Garbutt on 5th July, 2018 wrote:

Year of Birth
Depending on the records viewed, Thomas was anywhere between 18 and 22 when he was transported. On balance, when all documents are considered, his year of birth was probably about 1801

Convict Changes History

Ron Garbutt on 30th May, 2015 made the following changes:

date of death: 17th June, 1873 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation, crime

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 made the following changes:

date of death: 14th June, 1873 (prev. 17th June, 1873)

Ron Garbutt on 1st June, 2015 made the following changes:

date of death: 14th June, 1873 (prev. 17th June, 1873)

Ron Garbutt on 4th June, 2015 made the following changes:

source: Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls and Related Records, 1790-1849 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: New South Wales Government. Musters and other papers relating t

Ron Garbutt on 4th June, 2015 made the following changes:

source: Original data: New South Wales Government. Musters and other papers relating to convict ships. Series CGS 1155, Reels 2417-2428. State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia. (prev. Ancestry.com. New South Wale

Ron Garbutt on 5th June, 2015 made the following changes:

source: Accidentally removed (prev. Original data: New South Wales Government. Musters and other papers relating to convict ships. Series CGS 1155, Reels 2417-2428. State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia.)

Ron Garbutt on 5th June, 2015 made the following changes:

source: Primary Source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 338 (prev. Accidentally removed)

Ron Garbutt on 6th June, 2015 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1806 (prev. 0000)

Ron Garbutt on 5th July, 2018 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1801 (prev. 1806)

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au