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Henry Granger

Henry Granger, one of 219 convicts transported on the Ocean, August 1815

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Henry Granger
Aliases: Grainger
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1770
Occupation: Butcher
Date of Death: 1830
Age: 60 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 59 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Bad notes
Convicted at: Warwick Assizes
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Ocean
Departure date: August, 1815
Arrival date: 30th January, 1816
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 220 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 241 (122); Aris's Birmingham Gazette - Monday 18 April 1814: NSW State Records - Colonil Secretary's correspondence,(petitions); Ship's Indents (Ocean, 1816); Conditional and Absolute Pardons granted Series 1165. State Records Reel 774, copy of 4/4492. British National Archives, PetitionsSeries HO 47/53/26 (July 18140. Recommendation in Folios 240-244.
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Robin Sharkey on 28th January, 2016 wrote:

Henry Granger was tried at the Warwick Assizes held before the Hon. Sir George Wood, Knt, in April 1814 for counterfeiting notes at Birmingham and sentenced to 14 years’ transportation.

He was a native of Halesowen, in Shropshire (from his 1821 per Conditional pardon document). Halesowen was both a parish and a township, and only about 8 miles from Birmingham.  \In the 1808 topographical register it was stated that there was a considerable manufacture f nails in the town.

He was most probably the Henry Granger christened on 14 October 1770 at Halesowen, parents Henry and Mary Granger. The age fits perfectly. There were many Grangers born throughout the 1700s at Halesowen, and Henry was likely to have had many cousins, uncles & aunts etc in the area.
[See Family search.org for births and burials of Grangers at Halesowen)

He is also likely to be the parent, with a wife named Nancy, of children christened at Halesowen as follows:
* Mary (26 March 1794)
* Joseph (3 February 1796)
* Joseph (28 june 1797)
* Elizabeth (26 Sept 1798)
Henry stated in his 1819 Petition seeking mitigation of his sentence that he had a wife and six children at home in England.

“Nancy” is usually a diminutive form of the name Ann (an Ann Granger had died at Halesowen on 5 July 1810, but perhaps not his wife?)

Aris’s Birmingham Gazette - Monday 18 April 1814:
“Henry Granger, charged with having forged and counterfeit bills in his possession, at Birmingham, on 19th October last [i.e. 1813] was found guilty and sentenced to fourteen years transportation.”

When he sailed on “Ocean” he was 45 years old.
Other information from Indent of “Ocean”:
native of Shropshire,  butcher by trade, 45 yrs, 5ft 1 &1/2 inches, dark ruddy complexion, brown hair and hazel eyes. {His Conditional pardon document recorded his eyes as being blue].

TIMELINE:
October 1813 - committed his crime
April 1814 - tried and found guilty at Warwick Assizes
1 September 1815 - sailed from England on “Ocean”
30 January 1816 - arrived NSW after 13 week voyage.
1816 - Ticket of leave (stated in his 1819 petition). possibly he received this so soon becuase of his trade of butchering/
1816 -1819 employed by Richard and Ann Robinson (per his petition of 1819)
1819 - Petition for mitigation of Sentence:
1821 - Pardon granted (Absolute??)
1828 - FREE by SERVITUDE
1828 Census - Free by Servitude, AGED 57. No residence or employment details given
1829 Death of Henry GRANGER - NSWBDM

______
1819 Petition for Mitigation (very difficult to read due to fading)
implores his Excellency “to restore me to xxx & to my dutiful (?) Wife and six children once again - whom I left in England behind me to Be xxx loss.

His supporting signatories on the Petition were mostly all hard working ex-convicts made good, except for John Connell who had come free and had many business interests in the colony:
* S Freey (?)
* James Squire - an ex-convict of the First Fleet, successful in the Colony, owned land and a public house at Kissing Point where he grew his own hops and brewed beer (the area also known as Field of Mars);
These two wrote “I know the petitioner and have a good opinion of him”
* John Connell (came free in 1801 after his wife Catherine was convicted of stealing shoes).

Richard & Ann Robinson were his employers and wrote:
“We the undersigned beggs [sic] to recommend the petitioner as an object worthy of Your Excellency’s clemency - he being in our xxxx? Employ ever since he was issued with his Ticket of Leave. We have found him upright and honest”.

A final recommendation written at the very bottom of the petition is in a blackened area and impossible to read.

The word “Emp” is written on the side of the petition in another hand - Governor Macquarie’s - implying he has agreed to give him Emancipation - i.e. a full pardon and not just a Conditional one.
________

Sydney Gazette, Wednesday 23 April 1828, page 1:
Certificates of Freedom have been issued to the following persons:  - Henry Granger, Ocean.”  Henry’s time of 14 years was up.
1830 NSWBDM Death Index - V18309236 2C - HENRY GRANGER “age 49” In fact he would have been aged 59

Sadly, Henry Granger never made it back to Halesowen to see his large family after all

______________________

WIDER GRANGER FAMILY in HALESOWEN AREA:

There were Grangers recorded in the parish registers of Halesowen at least in 1635 (see page 203 of the “Parish Registers of Halesowen” in Forgotten Books on line. accessed 27 January 2016. (George & Alice Granger had daughter Alice baptised in Augsu 1635 and John and Rebekah Granger had daughter Elizabeth also baptised in August 1835).

There had been many Grangers christened and living in the Halesowen area in the 1700’s. This means that convict Henry had come from a stable and deep-rooted family;

A Henry and Elizabeth Granger had children in early 1700’s christened at Oldbury, 4 miles away:
* 1719 - Henry infant, christened 25 Oct 1719, BURIED 7 July 1721
* 1722 : Hanna, infnat Christed 16 Sept 1722, BURIED 9 Feb 1722 (is this year correct??)
* 1828, 8 April. Henry BURIED. Parents Henry & Elizabeth. (Note: does not say “infant”)

1717- George Granger infant Buried 12 June
1717 - William son of Richard of Oldbury. Buried 21 June
1719 - John, son of Wm Granger of Cackmore, buried 27/5/19
1719 - Henry and Elizabeth Granger had son Henry Granger christened at Oldbury - 4 miles from HalesOwen - 25 Oct 1719.
1722 -john Granger of the parish married Elizabeth Brace, 25 March
1722 - 22 Dec, john & Elizabeth’s dghtr Isabel baptised. Isabel infant of Town, buried 26 Dec 1724
1723 - Susannah, widow of Langley, buried. January
1723 - April 16, Ann Granger MRRD Thomas Hide, both of the parish
1723 - May 14 William & Hannah of Warley Wighorn, son joseph buried
1723 - June 2 - joseph Granger mRRD Ann Shephard, both of the parish
1724, Feb 12 Thomas Granger of West Bromwych MRRD Dorothy Richards of Rowley
1724 - HENRY Baptised, son of Henry & Elizabeth of Langley
1725 - William & Elizabeth (of Langley) had son William baptised.
1725 - March 13, John & Elizabeth’s daughter Ann (of town) baptised
1726 - Feb 3 infant Hannah of Warley Wighorn buried
1726 - july 5th, William’s wife Mary of Cackmore, Buried.
1726 - Dec 4th, William of Cackmore buried
1726 - Sarah Granger married Peter Parkes with licence. Both of the parish. 16 Nov 1726
1727 -William of Warley Wighorn Buried 20 Feb 1727
‘1727 -jun 12 infant george of Warley-Wighorn buried
1727- John & Eliza of town had infant Mary Baptised. 5/11/27
1727 - 27 Nov Hannah Granger of Oldbury buried
1727 - 21 june William buried, son of Richard of Oldbury.

George & Hannah Granger lived at Halesowen in the first half of the 1700’s.  Their children christened at Halesowen were:
* 1737 - 8 may - Mary
* 1739 -20 January - Joseph who died as a child of about 4 yrs on 10 March 1743 at Halesowen
* 1739 Joseph Granger, who died as a child of about 4 yrs in March 1743 at Halesowen.
* 1742 - 21 November - Hannah
* 1745 - 12 May - James
* 1749 - 4 February - Sarah ( no.1)
* 1750 - 4 February - Sarah (no. 2)

* 1747 - 31 May - John

Convict Henry’s parents, Henry & Mary Granger, also had children christened on following dates, who would be Henry’s siblings:
* Joseph, 15 May 1760 (ten years older than Henry)
* Thomas, 19 Sept 1762
* Esther (no. 1)  23 Feb 1766, died almost 2 yrs later, 3 Dec 1767
* Esther (no 2) 29 June 1768
* John 23 Oct 1774, died 30 june 1775 (one yr old?)
* Susanna 16 June 1776
* William, 2 April 1780 (ten yrs younger than Henry)

Along with Henry’s parents, Henry & Mary Granger in the 1770’s there were also in Halesowen:
Joseph Granger marrying 22 Nov 1773 to Ann Crane at Dudley in Worcester
AND Joseph Granger marrying same place 26 March 1786 to Ann Smart.
Elizabeth & James Granger at St Andrews, Droitwich, Worcester; (about 20 miles south) had son Henry Granger christened 30 June 1776.

Also at Halesowen in the 1790’s were other Granger couples having children christened at Halesowen, besides Henry and Nancy Granger:

* Thomas & Rosanna Granger (son Henry christ’nd 12 Dec 1792, and Joseph 11 January 1795, nancy 13 oct 1797)
* Joseph & Molly Granger ((son Joseph christn’d 28 january 1787, son Henry christ’nd 1 July 1795); probably this Henry’s death aged 23 in 1818 at Borough, buried Salop.
* Joseph & Mary Granger (son Henry christened 3/2/1796).

There were many Grangers in and around Halesowen and Birmimgham in the 1840’s.  In the 1840s HalesOwen came under Worcestershire and was no longer officially in Shropshire.

In 1963 George Granger of Hales Owen opened a chartable bequest to the poor whose aim was “TO DISTRIBUTE ANNUALLY ON NEW YEAR’S DAY WARM CLOTHES TO POOR OLD MEN AND WOMEN” in the area of Halesowen.

Robin Sharkey on 5th August, 2018 wrote:

English Petitions of 1814
While still in England, between sentence and transportation, three petitions were written for Henry. Their reference no is in the British Archives:  HO 47/53/26 (HO 47 being the series of petitions by prisoners)
One petition is from Henry “Grainger” himself.
The other individual petition is from William Beauchamp Lygon.
A third, but collective, petition is from “58 people, including lords, MPs, the high sheriff, acting magistrates and others of the parish of Halesowen, and ‘magistrates of other counties adjoining’.

Grounds for clemency sought: this was the prisoner’s first offence; he had a wife and 3 children and had shown remorse. Initial sentence: 14 years’ transportation. Recommendation: no mercy. Recommendation contained in Folios 240-244.

Henry was clearly going to be made an example of.
Interestingly, the precise says three children, the petitions from NSW have made his family life more melodramatic with six children.

Convict Changes History

Robin Sharkey on 28th January, 2016 made the following changes:

source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 241 (122); Aris's Birmingham Gazette - Monday 18 April 1814: NSW State Records - Colonil Secretary's correspondence,(petitions); Ship's Indents (Ocean,

Robin Sharkey on 5th August, 2018 made the following changes:

source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 241 (122); Aris's Birmingham Gazette - Monday 18 April 1814: NSW State Records - Colonil Secretary's correspondence,(petitions); Ship's Indents (Ocean,

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au