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James Hankinson

James Hankinson, one of 200 convicts transported on the Earl Spencer, May 1813

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Hankinson
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: -
Occupation: Clerk
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Embezzlement
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Earl Spencer
Departure date: May, 1813
Arrival date: 9th October, 1813
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 199 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 97 (50)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Maureen Withey on 10th July, 2020 wrote:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 10 July 2020), October 1812, trial of JAMES HANKINSON (t18121028-91).

JAMES HANKINSON, Theft > embezzlement, 28th October 1812.
932. JAMES HANKINSON was indicted for that, he on the 28th of August , was clerk to Joseph Hale , George Hale , William Wiggens and Wall Lynn , and was employed and entrusted by them to receive monies, and valuable securities for them; and that he by virtue of his employment did receive 25 one pound bank notes on their account, and afterwards did embezzle, secrete, and steal the same.
SECOND COUNT, stating that he received twenty-four one pound bank notes and thirteen shillings in monies numbered, and that he did afterwards embezzle, secrete, and steal the same.
PETER WORKMAN . Q. In the month of August last did you keep the Blue Anchor, in Fenchurch-street - A. I did.
Q. Were you indebted to Messrs. Hale and Co. for beer - A. I was.
Q. Did you know the prisoner - A. Yes. He came to me as their collecting clerk. In the beginning of August I paid him twenty-five pounds. I cannot say whether there was one, two, or three, five-pound notes. I paid that sum to him. He signed that receipt. I cannot say they were all one-pound notes.
GEORGE HALE . Q. You are a brewer . What are the names of your firm - A. Joseph Hale , George Hale , William Wiggens, and Wall Lynn : four partner’s.
Q. In the month of August last, and long before, was the prisoner in your employ - A. He has been two years in my employ as collecting clerk, and two years before that as accompting-house clerk.
Q. Was it part of his duty to receive money of your customers, and to pay it you - A. To pay it into the firm, to the receiver of the house. He quitted my service on the 5th of September.
Q. Has he paid you the twenty-five pounds which it appears that he received from Mr. Workman - A. Certainly not.
Q. Did you ask him particularly whether his acaccompts were all right - A. We did. He said, certainly it was.
Q. On the next day did you receive that letter - A. That letter is his hand-writing, certainly. I did not see it for some days afterwards. It came to one of my partners, who shewed it me. It is signed, James Hankinson . There is no address: that is tore off.
WILLIAM WIGGENS . Q. You are of the partners of that house - A. I am.
Q. Did you receive that letter - A. I did. I tore the address off. It was addressed to me.
I am sorry to be under the necessity of informing you, that I have acted in a manner of which I am ashamed of, and most dreadfully shocked. I have been led by those I considered my friends, which will place a stigma upon my character all my life. I have used that in right, which was not my own. I have quitted town in hopes of procuring money, to replace that which I have so unjustly made use of. Oh, my good sir, if you have the kindness not to let this come to the ears of no one, and particularly my injured friend, J. Hale, you may be assured I will replace every penny I have made use of; and believe me, sir, I remain,
your humble servant, JAMES HANKINSON .
Pray, sir, do not let this be known, or I shall for ever be ruined, although I know I deserve every thing bad.=”
Q. to Mr. Hale. On the 25th of September was your firm the same as it is now - A. Yes, and some months before that.
Prisoner’s Defence. My lord, and gentlemen of the Jury, I must trust to your kind indulgence a few minutes. I lived with my late employers five years, during which period I served them with the utmost integrity. I was informed, a fortnight before I left them, by the senior partner, that they had no further occasion for me: the reason was, William Wiggens intended to collect my department himself; Mr. Hale handsomely saying, it was on that account he parted with me. I did all I could to induce every one of my friends to continue their favours to my late employers, which they promised me the would, on my account. The day after I quitted their service, (as appears by that letter), I informed them that I was going to Northumberland, there to try my friends to assist me to balance my accounts. I now solemnly declare I never intended to rob or defraud my employers. I assure you, my not being able to balance my accompts was owing to my expences being considerably more than I had, or could charge them. Mr. Wiggens can testify for my conduct: when I was at Northumberland he promised me that Mr. Hale, and the rest of the gentlemen, would accede to my balancing my accounts. When I arrived there I was left in the accompting-house, in an unlocked room, and at that time Mr. Wiggens went, and returned with an officer. I hope you will excuse me, and I will trust to your just decision.
The prisoner called six witnesses, who gave him a good character.
GUILTY , aged 24.
Transported for Fourteen Years .
London jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.

1828 NSW Census Index. https://www.paperturn-view.com/nsw-state-archives/1828-census-3-of-6-nrs1272-sz-980?pid=NDM43341&p=99&v=1.1
James Hankinson, age 40, D.S. per E. Spencer, 1813, 14 years.  Employed as Commission Agent, resident at George Street, Sydney.
Sophia Hanskinson, age 42, C.F. (came free) per Mq. Wellington, 1815,
G?, Hankinson, aged 13, C.F.
Sophia Eliza Hankinson, aged 11, C.F.

Colonial Secretary Index.

HANKINSON, James. Per “Earl Spencer”, 1813
1816 Sep 16 - Sundry articles brought for use of Government House received by J Hankinson for D Bevan (Reel 6045; 4/1732 pp.140-2)
1817 Jun 2 - Petition for mitigation of sentence (Fiche 3178; 4/1851 pp.153-6)
1818 Feb 16 - On list of applicants for spirit licenses in Sydney (Reel 6006; 4/3498 p.62)
1818 Aug 15 - Paid from the Police Fund for black cloth for St Philip’s Church, Sydney (Reel 6038; SZ759 p.492)
1818 Sep 10 - On list of persons to receive grants of land in 1818 (Fiche 3266; 9/2652 p.44)
1819 Feb 15 - On list of applicants for renewal of spirit licences in Sydney (Reel 6006; 4/3499 p.318)
1819 Feb 20 - Paid from the Police Fund for Bengal canvas for Government use (Reel 6038; SZ1044 p.9)
1819 Mar 3 - Petition to Governor’s Court for sequestration order against William Gore (Reel 6020; 2/8130 pp.107-12)
1819 Jun 10 - Paid from the Police Fund for canvas for the Government boat “Cossar” (Reel 6038; SZ1044 p.54)
1819 Aug 9 - Bill drawn on H.M. Treasury in favour of (Reel 6049; 4/1745 pp.82, 377)
1819 Aug 10 - Petition for mitigation of sentence (Fiche 3195; 4/1858 p.147)
1821 Mar 5 - On list of persons for whom grants of land have been handed over to the Surveyor General for delivery, with amount of fees to be charged (Fiche 3266; 9/2652 p.63)
1821 May 27 - Juror at inquest on Thomas Jones held at Sydney (Reel 6021; 4/1819 pp.361-2)
1822 Jan 10 - Re his pardon (Reel 6054; 4/1759 p.84)
1822 Jun 30-1823 Sep 30 - On lists of persons to whom convict mechanics have been assigned (Fiche 3296; X53 pp.17, 30, 44, 60, 74)
1822 Sep 21 - Tendering for use of Government Mill (Reel 6055; 4/1761 p.213)
1822 Oct 4 - Re acceptance of tender for Government mill (Reel 6009; 4/3506 p.327)
1823 Jan 31-1824 Mar 11 - On list of persons receiving an assigned convict (Fiche 3290, 4/4570D pp.3, 86, 96; Fiche 3291, 4/4570D pp.89, 122)
1823 Feb 10 - Requiring new stone for the mill he rents (Reel 6058; 4/1770 p.86)
1824 Mar 16 - Re inability to purchase mill stones (Reel 6061; 4/1778 p.233)

Convict Changes History

Maureen Withey on 10th July, 2020 made the following changes:

gender: m, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au