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Mary Harrison

Mary Harrison, one of 94 convicts transported on the Surprize, February 1794

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Mary Harrison
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1771
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 57 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Surprize
Departure date: February, 1794
Arrival date: 17th October, 1794
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 94 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 196
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 17th April, 2016 wrote:

Old Bailey Transcripts (t17920912-56):
MARY HARRISON was indicted for stealing, on the 1st of September, a cotton gown, value 12 s. a striped dimity petticoat, value 6 s. a flowered striped ditto, value 6 s. a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. a cotton shawl, value 18 d. a muslin apron, value 12 d. a shirt, value 12 d. an apron, value 6 d. a cap, value 2 s. a bed-gown, value 4 s. two night-caps, value 6 d. a ribbon, value 2 s. and half a guinea, a dollar, and a silver pocket-piece, value 12 d. the property of Charlotte Davis, spinster, in the dwelling house, of John Martin ; and..
ELIZABETH HARRISON was indicted for feloniously receiving part of the said goods, knowing them to be stolen .
On the 1st of September I came to town, and I met with the prisoner, Mary Harrison , and I asked her to recommend me a room; she said she would take me to her room, in the house of John Martin ; I had the things in the indictment; it was ten when I went there, I staid till twelve; after I went in I was hungry, and I sent for some meat, and gave the prisoner some; and she was washing, and she said she had but one cap, and I opened my bundle to gave her one cap; she looked very much in my bundle; and then I went to bed to sleep; and all my cloaths and money were gone; Mary Harrison came in, and I told her I was robbed; my bed-gown was untied, and my petticoat was untied, and my apron untied; I have got a pair of stockings which were taken off Mary Harrison ‘s legs, and a shift; I had no friend at all; I had a mother-in-law; and I had a little money, and a few cloaths; and I heard of other girls doing well, and I came up; I asked a woman in the next room for my bundle; in about half an hour after, Elizabeth Harrison came into the house; I told her, her daughter had robbed me the, people at next door had told me; the mother attempted to strike me, and the daughter struck me twice, after the constable had come; the mother was tipsy, and treating the people with gin.
(The stockings and petticoat produced, and deposed to.)
(Two pawnbrokers produced several things pledged by Elizabeth Harrison , the mother, which were deposed to.)
She asked to have something to eat and drink; and she followed me along; she told me to take the things and make some money of them; she said she had seen me the Sunday week before; she said she came away from a bawdy-house; I took the things to my mother.
Prosecutor. I never desired her to pawn them; I was fast asleep on the bed.
Prisoner Elizabeth Harrison. I went out to work, and my daughter called me, and asked me to go and pawn these things.
Court to Prosecutrix. How old are you, Charlotte Davis ? - Sixteen, my lord.
MARY HARRISON , GUILTY of stealing value 39 s.
ELIZ. HARRISON, GUILTY of receiving .
Transported for seven years .
Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron HOTHAM .

Denis Pember on 20th April, 2016 wrote:

In the colony, Mary married Thomas Crump [aka Crumpton](Convict, Surprize, 1794). Mary had been transported on the same ship as Thomas and their relationship may have commenced then. They married 12th March 1797 at Sydney. The couple had at least 2 children, Thomas (1798) and Isaac (1799).
Thomas was however not a very stable influence. He escaped the colony when Governor Hunter was replaced by Bligh and was sent back from the Cape to the colony and thence exiled to Norfolk Island.
He resided there for more than 8 years while Mary and his children were left to their own devices.
The 1806 Muster shows Mary [Ref A2137] living with 2 male children, self employed and off stores.
Crump was on the Norfolk Island victualing list at that time.
I cannot locate Mary on the 1828 Census, but Thomas is there, living with her son Thomas (jnr) and his wife Eleanor.
Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
Page 110…
[Ref C3166] Crumpton, Thomas (Jun), 31, born in the colony, Protestant, boatbuilder, Lower Portland Head.
[Ref C3167] Crumpton, Eleanor, 18, born in the colony.
[Ref C3168] Crumpton, Elizabeth, born in the colony.
[Ref C3169] Crumpton, Thomas, (Sen), 58 (NO MENTION OF SHIP OR SENTENCE).
{Thomas Junior here is the 1st son, born to Mary Harrison, and he is married to Eleanor Robinson}

Denis Pember on 20th April, 2016 wrote:

There appears no mention at all of Mary’s mother Elizabeth, also transported on “Surprize” in 1794.
She is mentioned in the 1802 Muster but not the 1806 or any subsequent record.

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 17th April, 2016 made the following changes:

gender: f, crime

Phil Hands on 12th April, 2018 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1771 (prev. 0000)

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