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John Mcauliff

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: John Mcauliff
Aliases: Mcauliffe
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1798
Occupation: Labourer
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 59 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Felony
Convicted at: Ireland, Cork
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Dorothy
Departure date: 5th May, 1820
Arrival date: 29th September, 1820
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 192 other convicts

References

Primary source: NSW, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls… 1790-1849
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Dianne Jones on 28th June, 2020 wrote:

CRIME: 7 years for felony, convicted Cork City, Lent 1820 (NSW, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls… 1790-1849)

Dianne Jones on 29th June, 2020 wrote:

This man’s proclivity for trouble (or his desperate circumstances, or a sense of adventure, who knows) led to his criss-crossing the oceans between Ireland and the colonies of New South Wales and Tasmania several times in the space of 16 years.

And so it begins (some records have been omitted because they are not vital) with his first voyage as a prisoner on the “Dorothy”. She weighed anchor and sailed out of Cork Harbour on 5 May, 1820. On 20 September the Dorothy was in Sydney Harbour.

1820, 23 August: One of the last men to be “unironed” on the voyage, according to the Dorothy’s surgeon Robert Espie (see UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1856, Dorothy 1820 01 Mar - 1820 29 Sep).

1820, 19 September: John McAuliff, sentence of 7 years for felony [crime not given], convicted Cork City, Lent 1820; native place Cork County; born about 1798 (see NSW, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls… 1790-1849).

1820/21: Per Dorothy; 22yo, native of Cork County; 7 years; labourer; 5’7”, florid complexion, dark brown hair, hazel eyes (see NSW Convict Indents, 1788-1842,Bound Indentures 1820-1821).

Dianne Jones on 29th June, 2020 wrote:

1824, 21 December: On list of runaways from Port Macquarie forwarded to Newcastle (see https://www.jenwilletts.com/searchaction.php).

1825, 12 May: Newcastle – aged 27; native of County Cork; 5’7”; hazel eyes, dark brown hair, ruddy complexion. Absconded from gaol gang (see https://www.jenwilletts.com/searchaction.php).

1825, 17 May: Newcastle, NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825: “Andrew McColl, John McAuliff and Charles Fagan, runaways from Port Macquarie, charged with attempting to break out of gaol after having ran [sic] from this settlement on the 4th of May, being retaken at Wallis Plains and sent back. The keeper of his Majesty’s Gaol states - I was going my rounds last night about 8 o’clock and hearing an unusual noise in the room where the prisoners are confined in company with Samuel Hart (notorious gaol breaker) now under committal for a trial for a burglary and William Halfpenny, under sentence for Corporal punishment. I suspected something wrong was going on amongst them. I procured the keys and examined the room. I discovered in one part of it a hole made large enough for a man to creep through. The hole had been made with the iron work of a tub in the room. They had destroyed the tub. The prisoners respectively deny having any knowledge of the hole or how or when it was made. Sentenced to 50 lashes each.”  (see https://www.jenwilletts.com/searchaction.php)

1827, 22 March: Certificate of Freedom: per Dorothy, 1820; 7yrs; native place Cork; labourer; 29; 5’6½”, dark ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, hazel eyes. Notation: “Was sent to Port Macquarie 1st November 1823 for 3 years for running away from … Plains.”

CoF overwritten with: “Cancelled McAuliff having been transferred from jail and [re-transported] by the Parmelia 2 arrived March 1834 in the same name. Ran from the Colony [he escaped per Caroline to Van Diemen’s Land and from VDL per Thomas Lowrie in December 1834. He was then] re-transported for Life by the Captain Cook in 1836 in the same name.” (see NSW Certificates of Freedom, 1810-1814, 1827-1867;  Register of Certificates of Freedom)

Dianne Jones on 29th June, 2020 wrote:

1832, 15 October: John McAuliff, 38; convicted at Cork; born about 1794; conviction for vagrancy, 7 years (see NSW Convict Indents, 1788-1842, Annotated Printed and Bound Indentures 1833-1835).

1834, 1 March: Arrived per Parmelia (2); can read and write; Catholic; married, four children – one boy on board; tried 15 October 1832, 7 years for Vagrancy; previous conviction, 7 years; 38yo, farm servant; 5’5½”, dark ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, hazel eyes; whiskers turning grey and meeting under the chin; tattoos – crucifix on upper, 7 stars, sun, moon, tree, Adam & Eve; AE inside lower right arm; mermaid, man and woman, dove and two hearts; 1814 inside lower left arm.

Notation: “Was here before in the ‘Dorothy’, in the same name; returned free in 1827, per ‘Marquis Hastings’.

“Brother to prisoner No 34-560 [Jeremiah McAuliff, 16; vagrancy, 7 years; shoemaker’s boy] and Father to No 34-361 [John McAuliff Jnr, 13; vagrancy, 7 years; errand boy].”

A handwritten note across the record says: “Came from the Colony and returned for Life in the Captain Cook in 1836.”  (see NSW Convict Indents, 1788-1842, Annotated Printed and Bound Indentures 1833-1835)

1834: Assigned to George Colless, Penrith (NSW Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834; NSW Convicts arrived 1833-1834).

1834, December: Escapes per ‘Caroline’ to VDL. Then escapes per ‘Thomas Lowrie’ to England.

1836, 21 March: Convicted at Cork’s Spring Assizes – life and transportation, again.

1836, 13 November: Arrives in NSW per Captain Cook (3); life sentence; 40, can read and write; married with 3 children; native of Cork; farm labourer; returning from transportation; tried Cork City, Spring Assizes, 21 March 1836; Life, no former convictions (!); 5’5 ¼”, dark ruddy complexion, dark brown hair mixed with grey, hazel eyes. Remarks: Description of his many tattoos; then “1st – Transported per ‘Dorothy’ 1820. 2nd – Transported per ‘Parmelia’ 1834. Escaped per ‘Caroline’ to Van Diemen’s Land and from Van Diemen’s Land per ‘Thomas Lowrie’ in December 1834. Son and Brother in the Colony.”  (see NSW Convict Indents, 1788-1842, Annotated Printed Indentures 1836)

Dianne Jones on 29th June, 2020 wrote:

1837: John McAuliff, 40, per ‘Captain Cook’ 1836, assigned to R Campbell MC, Sydney (see NSW and Tasmania, Australia Convict Musters, 1806-1849; NSW General muster L-Q 1837).

1838: Admitted to Sydney Gaol – John McAuliffe, per Captain Cook, 1836; born 1799; 5’5¾”; stout build, fresh complexion, dark brown hair and grey eyes; his tattoos are described in detail (see NSW Gaol Description and Entrance Books, 1818-1930; Description Book Sydney 1835-1838).

1838, 22 January: John McAuliffe, Co Cork, Catholic, labourer, bond, is sentenced to 3 days in the cells and return to labour for refusing his rations at Windsor; released 25 January. Is this John Snr or John Jnr? (see NSW Gaol Description and Entrance Books, 1818-1930, Description Book Windsor 1838)

1839, 28 February: He is sent from Sydney Jail to Port Macquarie (see NSW Gaol Description and Entrance Books, 1818-1930; Entrance Book Sydney 1837-1841).

1839, 27 April: John McAuliff per ‘Captain Cook’ 1836, bond, admitted to Sydney Gaol; tried at Port Macquarie; sent to Norfolk Island on 16 October 1839 (see NSW Gaol Description and Entrance Books, 1818-1930, Entrance Book Sydney 1837-1841).

1852, 3 February: A John McAuliffe, Carcoar, charged with stealing from the person; tried; sent to Bathurst Jail (see NSW Criminal Court Records, 1830-1945; Clerk of the Peace Registers; Registers of criminal depositions received (Deposition Books), 1849 Sep-1864 Dec).

And then he disappears from the official records…

Convict Changes History

Dianne Jones on 28th June, 2020 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: NSW, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls… 1790-1849 (prev. ), firstname: John, surname: Mcauliff, alias1: Mcauliffe, alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date of birth: 1798, date of death: 0000, gender: m, occupation

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