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Lydia Parker

Lydia Parker, one of 296 convicts transported on the Earl Cornwallis, August 1800

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Lydia Parker
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 18th August, 1765
Occupation: Silkwinder
Date of Death: 27th November, 1838
Age: 73 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Dorset Quarter Sessions
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Earl Cornwallis
Departure date: August, 1800
Arrival date: 12th June, 1801
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 294 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 277 (138)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 19th May, 2011 wrote:

Lydia married Thomas Barber B Cir1760/1 Manchester Lancashire
Velvet Dresser
Arrived 12Jun 1801 Ship Earl Cornwallis Private NSW Corps Shopkeeper Paramatta D22Jun1838 and had a daughter Lydia Barber Born in the colony B10Oct1803 D1835

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote:

Lydia’s maiden name was Lydia Childs. She is also the first cousin (twice removed) of famed poet and novelist Thomas Hardy. The relationship is explained here:

Thomas Hardy (1840 - 1928)
is Lydia’s 1st cousin 2x removed
Jemima Hand (1814 - 1904)
Mother of Thomas
Elizabeth Betty Swetman (1778 - 1847)
Mother of Jemima
Maria Childs (1735 - 1799)
Mother of Elizabeth Betty
Joseph Childs (1703 - 1770)
Father of Maria
David Childs (1729 - 1809)
Son of Joseph
Lydia Childs
Daughter of David

Anonymous on 21st October, 2011 wrote:

Born: 14/08/1765, Melbury Osmond, Dorset, England. She was the daughter of David Childs & Mary Wellman. First marriage to William Parker, 23/10/1785, Melbury Bubb, Dorset, He died 1794 in England. She was tried at Dorset Quarter Sessions, Dorchester, 2/04/1799 for stealing. She was transported for 7 years on the ship ‘Earl Cornwallis’ She met Thomas Barber on the ship. He was a member of the NSW Corp (Rum Corp) in transit to NSW. She married Thomas Barber, 9/01/1802 at Parramatta, NSW. She gained her Certificate of Freedom, 9/06/1810. She died at Parramatta, NSW, 27/11/1838.

Denis Pember on 26th January, 2016 wrote:

Lydia was a bit of a ‘lass’!
Lydia’s first brush with the law was on 14 Mar 1790 when she was charged with stealing.
In 1796 Lydia was sentenced for stealing clothes. Her occupation was given as Silk Throwster and her age stated as 30. She got 2 years hard labour and was discharged on 13 July 1798.
She was back in prison on 28 January, charged with stealing and sentenced to transportation for seven years.

Denis Pember on 26th January, 2016 wrote:

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
[Ref B0293] Barber, Thomas 67 came free El. Cornwallis 1801 Protestant, shopkeeper Parramatta.  350 acres 7 horses 100 horned cattle.
[Ref B0294] Barber, Lydia 65 came free El. Cornwallis 1801 Protestant. (# Came Free? No!)
[Ref B0295] Barber, Samuel 23 born in the colony [son of Thomas and Lydia]
[Ref B0296] Barber, Mary 18 born in the colony [wife of Samuel]
[Ref B0297] Barber, Lydia Jr. 17 born in the colony [daughter of Samuel and Mary, aged 17 months]

Convict Changes History

Anonymous on 21st October, 2011 made the following changes:

date of birth 1765-08-18, date of death 1838-11-27, gender f

Denis Pember on 26th January, 2016 made the following changes:


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