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Mary Pears

Mary Plowright, one of 62 convicts transported on the Indispensible, February 1809

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Mary Pears
Aliases: Plowright
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1769
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 1825
Age: 56 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Theft
Convicted at: Nottingham Town Assizes on 04 August 1808
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Indispensible
Departure date: February, 1809
Arrival date: 18th August, 1809
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 62 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 421 (210)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Phil Hands on 12th June, 2017 wrote:

In 1808 Mary Plowright (nee Pears) was detained in the Town Gaol and charged upon the oaths of William Swift and others with feloniously stealing in the Parish of St. Mary in the town of Nottingham, a quanity of silk handkerchieves, a piece of sarsonet and three calico shawls, the property of the said William Swift. Committed on 16th March 1808 by E. Swan, Deputy Mayor and William Howitt, Alderman. She was tried and convicted at the Nottingham Town Assizes on the 4th August 1808, and sentenced to 7 years transportation.
Left England on 2nd March 1809.
Ship:- the ‘Indispensible’ sailed with 62 female convicts on board of which 1 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 18th August 1809.

Mary had married a William Plowright in 1798 in England, (he did not follow his wife out to NSW and it is presumed he died in England.
William & Mary had four children, Edward, Elizabeth, William & Henry, between 1798 & 1805, with the eldest Son, Edward passing away and being buried on 10 Dec 1798.

On the 25th Feb, 1811, working as a servant for Mr. David Bevan, she lodged a petition for a Ticket of Leave, which was granted in 1812. Later she received an absolute pardon No. 176.

Had a liason with James Ball that resulted in the birth of a daughter in 1813 (Eleanor Plowright).

A General Muster for NSW was held in 1814, where Mary is listed as residing in Sydney, arrived Indespensible, Free, one child off rations, single

On the 6th April 1817, she was named on List of Persons Licensed as a Publican for 1816, at Sydney.
By the 19th April 1817, Mary was the publican of “The Speed the Plough Inn”, Sydney.

Mary married free settler Thomas Arkell (a widower) in 1821 at Parramatta.

Sydney Gazette Saturday 28th July 1821 p. 2S

I, the undersigned, do hereby caution and forewarn all Persons from giving Trust or Credit to my Wife MARY ARKELL, late MARY PLOWRIGHT, of Pitt-street, on my account, as I will not hold myself responsible for any debts or expenses by her contracted after this public notice; as I have been separated from her by a certain Deed, bearing date the 21st of June last.
THOMAS ARKELL.

Sydney Gazette Saturday 11th August 1821 p. 2

TO THE PUBLIC. - In Reference to the three Advertisements by Mr. Thomas Arkell, my Husband, not to trust me on his Account; - I hereby give this Public Notice, that we have separated by Deed, bearing date the 21st day of June last, in which two Trustees are appointed for the Liquidation of all Debts, Dues and Demands; and that the Trade of the Nottingham New Inn, Pitt-street, is carried on by me, as feme sole Trader, for the accommodation of Travellers and others. - Captains of Ships, and other seafaring Gentlemen well accommodated.
MARY ARKELL, FORMERLY MARY PLOWRIGHT

TO THE PUBLIC. - Whereas Mr. Thomas Arkell (my Husband), having published in last Week’s Gazette that he will not hold himself responsible for any Debts or Expences [sic] by me contracted, he having been separated from me by Deed, bearing date the 21st June last; and looking upon that Advertisement as calculated to injure me in the separate Trade which Mr Arkell, by the Articles of Separation, covenants I shall in future carry on, on my own separate account and Name, as a feme sole Trader; I deem it necessary, for public information, to state the following Matters:-
Previous to my marriage with Mr Arkell, the greater part of my freehold and other estates, value more than 4000 pounds, were assigned to Trustees, in trust, for my sole and separate use, notwithstanding my intended coverture; and upon Mr Arkell and myself agreeing to separate, we mutually names two Trustees, with whom Mr Thomas Arkell covenanted that we should at all times thereafter separate and live apart from each other; and that I should, notwithstanding my coverture, carry on trade on my own separate account, as a feme sole trader, and to enable me so to do, and to indemnify my said husband for any act of mine in trade or otherwise, as well as all the property settled before the marriage for my sole and separate use, as the stock in trade, household goods and the premises now known by the name of the Nottingham New Inn, were assigned to Trustees, to suffer me to occupy the premises, and to carry on the trade thereof, for my own sole and separate use as a feme sole trader; with which premises, stock in trade, or any dealing in respect thereof, the said Mr Thomas Arkell covenanted with the trustees, under a very considerable penalty, not to interfere or to claim any interest or property therein hereafter, or to molest me in my person or trade in any wise; and all the goods and effects were conveyed to such Trustees to protect them from any interference or claim, either by Mr Arkell or any person claiming under him; and also, upon trust, to suffer me to sell the same and trade herewith, as a feme sole trader; and, by the Deed of Separation, the said Mr Thomas Arkell covenants with the Trustees, that as well the goods so assigned as all future purchases made by me for carrying on the trade, should continue, and from time be deemed and taken to be vested in such Trustees, for the future protection of them against Mr Arkell, or any other person, and possession of the house and effects in the Nottingham new Inn were delivered upon the Trust: - and, by the Deed of Separation the Trustees covenant with Mr Arkell to pay all debts, if any, that were due by me before the marriage, to which he, by such marriage, might be liable; and any sums he might be deemed in law liable to pay, either for maintenance, or by reason of my carrying on such separate trade, and all costs and expences [sic] eventually to arise to him in respect to the same.
And to prevent all future attempts to injure me in my trade, I do hereby give Notice, that the Trade of the Nottingham New Inn has been legally assigned by Mr Thomas Arkell, my husband, to Trustees, upon trust, for them to suffer me to conduct and carry on the Inn and Trade, for my sole and separate use and profit, as feme sole trader; - and I wish it to be understood, that no goods, purchased by me in future for carrying on such trade or otherwise, are intended to be deemed as having any claim of payment from my said husband, but to be paid by myself or Trustees, for which they are fully indemnified by the effects so assigned; - and Mr Thomas Arkell, my husband, is not to receive or take payment, from any person or persons whatever, for any goods or other effects, matters to arise in respect of the said Inn or Trade thereof, and all such payments are in future to be made by and to me; and if any goods or other property have been supplied by my order for the trade of the said Inn, or otherwise, before or since my marriage with the said Mr. Arkell, which I have not already paid or called upon and arranged the payment for, the account is to be furnished to me, at the Nottingham New Inn, in Pitt-street, and, if just, sall be forthwith arranged and settled by me, or my said trustees,
MARY ARKELL.

APPROVED - GEORGE CROSSLEY AND FRANCES WOOD, TRUSTEES

By 1824, Mary had the Nottingham New Inn, at 32 Pitt Street, Sydney.

Mary died at Sydney, in 1825, and was buried at the Old Devonshire St, Cemetery, and later moved to the Necropolis, Rookwood Cemetery, Sydney.

Extract of the Will of Mary Plowright-Arkell.

In the name of God Amen. I, MARY ARKELL of Sydney, Dealer, Wife of Mr. Thomas Arkell formerly Mary Plowright, Widow, (Whereas by Indenture of Settlement made previous to my marriage with the said Thomas Arkell and by another Indenture made since the said marriage both duly executed under the hand and seal of the said Thomas Arkell for settling all the real and personal estates I had at the time of the said marriage of that might be acquired by me during such Coverture to my sole and separate use notwithstanding such Coverture with full power and authority for me by Deed or Will to give, devise, or appoint the same notwithstanding such Coverture) so make this my last Will and Testament.

First I recommend my Soul to God who gave it in hope through the mediation of the Blessed Saviour Jesus Christ to have pardon for all my Sins and I commit my Body to the Earth and with respect to my worldly estate which it has pleased God to give me I give and dispose of the same as hereafter mentioned upon the Trusts hereinafter expressed and concerning the same I give, devise and bequeath to my Executors hereinafter mentioned and to the survivor of them their or his heirs executors administrators or assigns all my real and personal estate whatsoever wheresoever and of what nature or kind soever to be by my said Executors taken received or held in trust for the uses intents and purposes hereinafter expressed.

Concerning the same (that is to say) with respect to my stock in trade, household goods and moveable property as soon as conveniently may be after my decease to sell and dispose of the same to the best advantage by Public or Private Sale for the most money that can or may be gotten for the same and after payment of all my just debts, funeral and other expenses to place the residue of such money out on good security at interest and to pay and apply the same and the interest thereof in like manner and according to the mode in which my other Estates hereinafter directed to be paid and applied for the benefit of my children hereinafter mentioned or such of them as may become entitled by coming to this Colony or sending authorities within the time hereinafter expressed.

And my Will is that with respect to my freehold premises in Pitt Street Sydney now known by the Nottingham New Inn and numbered 39 in the said Street. My will is that by said Executors and the survivor of them and or his heirs hold the same in trust for my daughter Eleanor Plowright now living with me in Sydney with power to let and act the same and to receive the rents, issues and profits thereof and to apply the same or so much thereof as may be necessary for the education support and maintenance of my said daughter Eleanor Plowright until she shall attain the age of Twentyone years or day of Marriage which shall first happen and after such event (if married) to assign the same to Trustees to be appointed for that purpose upon Trust to permit and suffer my said daughter Eleanor Plowright notwithstanding her converture to receive the rents issues and profits thereof to her sale and separate uses and not to be subject to the control debts or any engagement of her husband in any wise howsoever…............

...............And I do hereby appoint my good friends Mr. James Chisholm of George Street Sydney, Merchant, and Mr. Thomas Cooper of George Street Sydney, blacksmith, Executors of this my Will and Guardians of my infant daughter Eleanor Plowright hereby revoking all former and other Wills by me heretofore and I do declare this to be my last Will and Testament.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal and delivered the same as and for my last Will and Testament this thirty first day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand and eight hundred and twentyfour.

Mary Arkell.

Phil Hands on 23rd September, 2017 wrote:

In 1808 Mary Plowright (nee Pears) was detained in the Town Gaol and charged upon the oaths of William Swift and others with feloniously stealing in the Parish of St. Mary in the town of Nottingham, a quanity of silk handkerchieves, a piece of sarsonet and three calico shawls, the property of the said William Swift. Committed on 16th March 1808 by E. Swan, Deputy Mayor and William Howitt, Alderman. She was tried and convicted at the Nottingham Town Assizes on the 4th August 1808, and sentenced to 7 years transportation.
Left England on 2nd March 1809.
Ship:- the ‘Indispensible’ sailed with 62 female convicts on board of which 1 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 18th August 1809.

Mary had married a William Plowright in 1798 in England, (he did not follow his wife out to NSW and it is presumed he died in England.
William & Mary had four children, Edward, Elizabeth, William & Henry, between 1798 & 1805, with the eldest Son, Edward passing away and being buried on 10 Dec 1798.

On the 25th Feb, 1811, working as a servant for Mr. David Bevan, she lodged a petition for a Ticket of Leave, which was granted in 1812. Later she received an absolute pardon No. 176.

Had a liason with James Ball that resulted in the birth of a daughter in 1813 (Eleanor Plowright).

A General Muster for NSW was held in 1814, where Mary is listed as residing in Sydney, arrived Indespensible, Free, one child off rations, single

On the 6th April 1817, she was named on List of Persons Licensed as a Publican for 1816, at Sydney.
By the 19th April 1817, Mary was the publican of “The Speed the Plough Inn”, Sydney.

Mary married free settler Thomas Arkell (a widower) in 1821 at Parramatta.

Sydney Gazette Saturday 28th July 1821 p. 2S

I, the undersigned, do hereby caution and forewarn all Persons from giving Trust or Credit to my Wife MARY ARKELL, late MARY PLOWRIGHT, of Pitt-street, on my account, as I will not hold myself responsible for any debts or expenses by her contracted after this public notice; as I have been separated from her by a certain Deed, bearing date the 21st of June last.
THOMAS ARKELL.

Sydney Gazette Saturday 11th August 1821 p. 2

TO THE PUBLIC. - In Reference to the three Advertisements by Mr. Thomas Arkell, my Husband, not to trust me on his Account; - I hereby give this Public Notice, that we have separated by Deed, bearing date the 21st day of June last, in which two Trustees are appointed for the Liquidation of all Debts, Dues and Demands; and that the Trade of the Nottingham New Inn, Pitt-street, is carried on by me, as feme sole Trader, for the accommodation of Travellers and others. - Captains of Ships, and other seafaring Gentlemen well accommodated.
MARY ARKELL, FORMERLY MARY PLOWRIGHT

TO THE PUBLIC. - Whereas Mr. Thomas Arkell (my Husband), having published in last Week’s Gazette that he will not hold himself responsible for any Debts or Expences [sic] by me contracted, he having been separated from me by Deed, bearing date the 21st June last; and looking upon that Advertisement as calculated to injure me in the separate Trade which Mr Arkell, by the Articles of Separation, covenants I shall in future carry on, on my own separate account and Name, as a feme sole Trader; I deem it necessary, for public information, to state the following Matters:-
Previous to my marriage with Mr Arkell, the greater part of my freehold and other estates, value more than 4000 pounds, were assigned to Trustees, in trust, for my sole and separate use, notwithstanding my intended coverture; and upon Mr Arkell and myself agreeing to separate, we mutually names two Trustees, with whom Mr Thomas Arkell covenanted that we should at all times thereafter separate and live apart from each other; and that I should, notwithstanding my coverture, carry on trade on my own separate account, as a feme sole trader, and to enable me so to do, and to indemnify my said husband for any act of mine in trade or otherwise, as well as all the property settled before the marriage for my sole and separate use, as the stock in trade, household goods and the premises now known by the name of the Nottingham New Inn, were assigned to Trustees, to suffer me to occupy the premises, and to carry on the trade thereof, for my own sole and separate use as a feme sole trader; with which premises, stock in trade, or any dealing in respect thereof, the said Mr Thomas Arkell covenanted with the trustees, under a very considerable penalty, not to interfere or to claim any interest or property therein hereafter, or to molest me in my person or trade in any wise; and all the goods and effects were conveyed to such Trustees to protect them from any interference or claim, either by Mr Arkell or any person claiming under him; and also, upon trust, to suffer me to sell the same and trade herewith, as a feme sole trader; and, by the Deed of Separation, the said Mr Thomas Arkell covenants with the Trustees, that as well the goods so assigned as all future purchases made by me for carrying on the trade, should continue, and from time be deemed and taken to be vested in such Trustees, for the future protection of them against Mr Arkell, or any other person, and possession of the house and effects in the Nottingham new Inn were delivered upon the Trust: - and, by the Deed of Separation the Trustees covenant with Mr Arkell to pay all debts, if any, that were due by me before the marriage, to which he, by such marriage, might be liable; and any sums he might be deemed in law liable to pay, either for maintenance, or by reason of my carrying on such separate trade, and all costs and expences [sic] eventually to arise to him in respect to the same.
And to prevent all future attempts to injure me in my trade, I do hereby give Notice, that the Trade of the Nottingham New Inn has been legally assigned by Mr Thomas Arkell, my husband, to Trustees, upon trust, for them to suffer me to conduct and carry on the Inn and Trade, for my sole and separate use and profit, as feme sole trader; - and I wish it to be understood, that no goods, purchased by me in future for carrying on such trade or otherwise, are intended to be deemed as having any claim of payment from my said husband, but to be paid by myself or Trustees, for which they are fully indemnified by the effects so assigned; - and Mr Thomas Arkell, my husband, is not to receive or take payment, from any person or persons whatever, for any goods or other effects, matters to arise in respect of the said Inn or Trade thereof, and all such payments are in future to be made by and to me; and if any goods or other property have been supplied by my order for the trade of the said Inn, or otherwise, before or since my marriage with the said Mr. Arkell, which I have not already paid or called upon and arranged the payment for, the account is to be furnished to me, at the Nottingham New Inn, in Pitt-street, and, if just, sall be forthwith arranged and settled by me, or my said trustees,
MARY ARKELL.

APPROVED - GEORGE CROSSLEY AND FRANCES WOOD, TRUSTEES

By 1824, Mary had the Nottingham New Inn, at 32 Pitt Street, Sydney.

Mary died at Sydney, in 1825, and was buried at the Old Devonshire St, Cemetery, and later moved to the Necropolis, Rookwood Cemetery, Sydney.

Convict Changes History

Phil Hands on 12th June, 2017 made the following changes:

gender: f

Phil Hands on 12th June, 2017 made the following changes:

surname: Pears (prev. Plowright), alias1: Plowright, date of birth: 1769 (prev. 0000), date of death: 1825 (prev. 0000), crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au