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Josiah Richards, one of 272 convicts transported on the Perseus and Coromandel, January 1802
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 60 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Exeter Flying Post (newspaper) 26 March 1801 p.4
NSW State Records - Musters of 1806, 1811, 1822, 1825, 1837; Conditional Pardons, Colonial Secretary Correspondence inwards, NSWBDMs
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Robin Sharkey on 3rd January, 2016 wrote:
Josiah Richards sailed on convict ship PERSEUS.
Departed Portsmouth 12th February 1802 in company with “Coromandel”
Perseus arrived NSW on 4th August 1802 (Coromandel had arrived on 12 June 1802, not stopping at Rio or the Cape).
* Josiah Richards found Guilty at Devon Assizes at Exeter on 16 March 1801, of sheep stealing.
* He was aged 29 (calculated from 1842 Con Pardon Document stating born in 1772)
* 5ft 5 inches, brown hair, hazel eyes (from Cond Pardon Document)
* native of Exeter, a labourer (taken from 1819 NSW ticket of leave information).
per Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette, Thursday 02 April 1801;
-” … W. Bidgood Jun, Josiah Richards, David Emmet, George Gosling and R Weeks, for sheep stealing; ... [and several others listed] ... also received sentence of death but were reprieved.”
Josiah Richards sailed on “Perseus” with R Weeks (cloth stealing) and John Redman (Burglary) from the same March 1801 Devon Assizes. Four others sailed on “Coromandel” ( James Sanders & William Pavey for burglary; William Kennard, stealing cloth; James Grant for highway robbery).
Another group of convicts from the same Devon Assizes sailed later in 1802 on the “Glatton” departing England in September 1802, when their Devon jail mates on “Perseus” had already arrived in NSW in August 1802.
Josiah went a very long time without seeking a mitigation of sentence, he would have been entitled long before he finally did in December 1819, Likewise, he did not get a conditional pardon until 1842, despite no blemishes on his NSW record.
No evidence of a marriage.
1806 Muster - convict, employed by George Sutter in Parramatta District
1811 Muster - Convict
1814 Muster - convict, employed at Dockyard, Sydney
1819, December -Petition for Mitigation of Sentence:
(written as “Joseph” Richards) ... “that a period of twenty years has now elapsed since he has been a Prisoner of the Crown” and he has “never presumed to solicit the least indulgence” ... he can say with satisfaction that “his conduct has been invariably good”. He asks for some mitigation of his sentence “the more especially because of the long period he has served the Crown”.
He was supported by George Druitt, Chief Engineer, who wrote “Recommended for Ticket of Leave”
Governor Macquarie has scrawled on the Petition “T.L” i.e he agrees to it.
1822 Muster -Ticket of Leave, Lodges at T. Newman, Sydney
1825 Muster - T/L; laborer, resides at Kent Street
1828 Census - not found
1837 Muster - T/L; Sydney
1842, 1st January -Conditional Pardon
1843- Australasian Chronicle 28/3/1843 - page 4 - Josiah’s Conditional Pardon was still lying at the Convict Office waiting to be collected on payment of the fee required.
1844 Death - Josiah Richards “Age 71” NSWBDM - 442/1844 V1844442 29
Convict Changes History
Jules McDonald on 1st January, 2016 made the following changes:
source: Exeter Flying Post (newspaper) 26 March 1801 p.4 (prev. Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 304), gender: m, crime
Robin Sharkey on 3rd January, 2016 made the following changes:
source: Exeter Flying Post (newspaper) 26 March 1801 p.4
NSW State Records - Musters of 1806, 1811, 1822, 1825, 1837; Conditional Pardons, Colonial Secretary Correspondence inwards, NSWBDMs (prev. Exeter Flying Post (newspaper) 26 March 1801 p.4), date of