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Mary Russell

Mary Russell, one of 106 convicts transported on the Active, Albermarle, Atlantic, Barrington, Britannia, Mary Ann, Matilda, Salamander and William and Mary, January 1791

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Mary Russell
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1764
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 27th May, 1840
Age: 76 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 58 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Old Bailey
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Active, Albermarle, Atlantic, Barrington, Britannia, Mary Ann, Matilda, Salamander and William and Ann
Departure date: January, 1791
Arrival date: 9th July, 1791
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 1018 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 114
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 11th August, 2015 wrote:

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales; [Ref: M2287]. Mary Merrick recorded as 63, FS, Mary Ann 1791.  With her husband Edward Merrick (Convict, Surprize, 1790) and 2 of her 7 children.

Phil Hands on 25th July, 2017 wrote:

Tried and convicted of theft at the Old Bailey on 9th December 1789 for the theft of 1 hank of silk value 10 shillings, sentenced to 7 years transportation.
Left England on 16th February 1791.
Ship:- the ‘Mary Ann’ sailed with 150 female convicts on board of which 9 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 9th July 1791.

Mary married convict Edward Merrick (Suprise1790) on 24th December 1791 at Sydney. Their first two children were born at Parramatta between the years 1793 and 1795, they went on to have 6 more children between 1800-1816.

Edward died on 9th February 1839 aged 76 at Richmond.
Mary died on 27th May 1840 aged 76 also at Richmond
Both Edward and Mary are burried in the family vault at St Peters C of E Richmond, NSW.

Phil Hands on 25th July, 2017 wrote:

Old Bailey Trial Transcript.
Reference Number: t17891209-49

49. MARY RUSSELL was indicted for feloniously stealing, one hank of silk, value 10 s. the property of John Dye and Edward Harvey , privily in their shop .
JOHN DYE sworn.
I live at No. 38, St. Martin’s Le Grand , I am a man’s mercer and trimming maker , in partnership with E. Hervey; about seven weeks since I first saw the prisoner, she brought a pattern of sewing silk, and said her father used a good deal, and would be a good customer; she came six or eight times a week, a boy served her, and on packing up the paper, we found a considerable decrease in the quantity; this was a fortnight before; from that time we kept our silk weighed and marked, on purpose to detect her if possible, having a strong suspicion; we shewed her a paper containing ten heads, and each head weighing about eight ounces; Thomas Waters served her, who usually did serve her; I went out to see which way she went; when she came out the witness Waters followed her: Mr. Haywood was in the shop, he is not here; he took her back into the shop, I followed her; she sat herself on a stool nigh the counter, and on moving her from thence, we discovered a head of silk dropt on the ground; we sent for a constable immediately, and took her before Sir Sampson Wright’s: she said, dear Sir, how can you say so; she did not desire me to shew her any favour.
The prisoner came into the shop, we showed her one paper of raven grey silk; about six pounds in ten different heads, and about eight ounces in each; she purchased three hanks out of three different heads; I had examined that paper just before she was in, and I missed one head, which is eight ounces; I followed her out and brought her to the shop; she sat down on a stool; I sent for a constable, when he came, I was going to remove her into the middle of the shop to examine her, and there was a hank of silk on the floor by the stool; I counted the silk and missed a head before I went out; I did not see her take it; I will swear that hank of silk was not on the floor when she was brought back.
I did not meddle with or touch it.
The prisoner called one witness who gave her a good character.
Of stealing, but not privily .
Transported for seven years .

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 27th May, 2015 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1764 (prev. 0000), date of death: 27th May, 1840 (prev. 0000), gender: f

Phil Hands on 25th July, 2017 made the following changes:

convicted at, crime

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