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James Ryder

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Ryder
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1793
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 29th November, 1823
Age: 30 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Burglary
Convicted at: Ireland, Galway
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Isabella
Departure date: August, 1823
Arrival date: 16th December, 1823
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 78 other convicts


Primary source: Irish Convict Database, by Peter Mayberry.
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Maureen Withey on 10th November, 2020 wrote:

Irish Convict Database, by Peter Mayberry.
James Ryder, per Isabella I (1823), Tried at Galway Co., 1822, Life,  Died at sea, of scurvy, 1823.

ADM 101/36/3 .    Medical and surgical journal of the Isabella Convict Ship, for the 4 July to 24 December 1823 by Mr William Rae, Surgeon and Superintendent, during which time the said ship was employed in a voyage to Port Jackson, New South Wales.
Folios 7-8: James Ryder, aged 30, Convict; disease or hurt, catarrh, [synochus] a cough which worsens towards evening with considerable fever terminating in perspiration, vertigo, nausea, anorexia, rigors followed by heat and thirst. Put on sick list, 4 September 1823. Cured of the fever but kept on the sick list for debility and later attacked with scurvy.
Folio 12: James Ryder, aged 30, Convict; disease or hurt, scurvy. Put on sick list, 29 November 1823. Died, 29 November 1823.

Folios 13-15: Observations. Comments on the poor state of the convicts when embarked from the Surprise Hulk at Cove of Cork. One man having only a blanket for clothing and another only one leg to his trousers. The state of their clothing and the severity of the weather giving rise to a number of catarrhal complaints. Wine was issued very early in the voyage to lift their spirits. Fever soon appeared and some prisoners had suffered before joining the hulk. The cause must have been either latent in their systems or attached to the clothing they were supplied on leaving the hulk. Amongst other possible causes is the ‘system of terror, robbery and plunder’ that a gang had practiced on board the hulk and the plans of that gang to seize the ship, murdering anyone who stood in their way. The treatment of the fever is discussed along with methods of isolating the sufferers and fumigating their clothing in a barrel modified for the purpose. At the first opportunity, 4th October, the hospital was emptied and entirely cleaned and fumigated with nitre, sulphur and gunpowder. About this time the plan to mutiny and seize the ship was discovered and most of the convicts were replaced in irons and their liberty on deck curtailed. Just before this incident scurvy had appeared. The Surgeon’s method of treatment is described in the case of John Kent. It’s early appearance may be attributable to the prisoners having been previously in crowded conditions for some time in the hulk. After the lemon juice was used up, oatmeal pottage and porter proved very beneficial. It was decided it was unnecessary to touch at the Cape of Good Hope to pick up fresh provisions because there were enough provisions remaining and also to land the prisoners as soon as possible. The provisions supplied are sufficient for a healthy ship but in the case of sickness, some of the medical items are not in sufficient quantity. The salted meat and flour they were given was of very poor quality. Oatmeal pottage with sugar molasses was a very nutritious substitute. Potatoes could also be kept if supplied in baskets and occasionally aired upon deck. Beer would be more nutritious and antiseptic than the wine currently supplied. Signed, William Rea, Surgeon Superintendent of the Isabella To, The Commissioners for Victualling His Majesty’s Navy etc.

Penny-Lyn Beale on 8th January, 2021 wrote:

New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, Bound Indentures
No; 88
Name; James Ryder
No details
Remarks; Hospital

UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals,
Ship: Isabella
Name; James Ryder
Age; 30
Notes; This man was formally afflicted with Synochus, ... Scurvy made its appearance, his lungs suffered…
Date; 29 Nov 1823
Discharged; DIED; 29 Nov 1823.

Convict Changes History

Maureen Withey on 10th November, 2020 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 99 years, voyage, source: Irish Convict Database, by Peter Mayberry. (prev. ), firstname: James, surname: Ryder, alias1: , alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date of birth: 1793, date of death: 29th November, 1823, gender: m, occupation, cr

Penny-Lyn Beale on 8th January, 2021 made the following changes:


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