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Mary Steel

Mary Steel, one of 101 convicts transported on the Lucy Davidson, 10 July 1829

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Mary Steel
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1801
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 1847
Age: 46 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Highway robbery
Convicted at: Old Bailey
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Lucy Davidson
Departure date: 10th July, 1829
Arrival date: 29th November, 1829
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 100 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/7, Page Number 107 (56)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Phil Hands on 27th September, 2017 wrote:

Tried and convicted at the Old Bailey on 9th April 1829 of Highway Robbery on the 31st of March, at St. Giles in the Fields, sentenced to death, this was commuted to transportation for life.
Left England on 20th July 1829.
Ship:- the ‘Lucy Davidson’ sailed with 101 female convicts on board of whic 2 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 29th November 1829.

Mary married convict John Hockey (‘Burrell’ 1830) on 10th August 1839 at Dapto, Wollongong, they had 5 children between 1840-1848. John’s first wife Mary and his son Charles, had died in England not long after his arrival in the colony

Mary died in 1847 age 46
John died on 13th October 1878 in Cambewarra, Nowra District of New South Wales, age 75.

Phil Hands on 27th September, 2017 wrote:

Old Bailey Trial Transcription.
Reference Number: t18290409-235

914. ELEANOR FOX and MARY STEEL were indicted for feloniously assaulting Edward McQuillen , on the King’s highway, on the 31st of March , at St. Giles in the Fields , putting him in fear, and taking from his person, and against his will, 1 tooth-pick, value 2d.; 1 button value 1/4d.; 1 penny-piece, and 1 half-penny, his property .
EDWARD McQUILLEN . I live at No. 20, Buckeridge-street, St. Giles’. On the 31st of March I was in a public-house at the corner of Plumtree-street, and saw the prisoner Fox there; I came out of the house between eight and ten o’clock - I had been drinking, and cannot state the time I came out; two women followed me - Fox was one; Fox asked me to go home with her; I told her I would not - that I lodged convenient: and when I turned round the corner into the street I lived in, the woman who was with her put her hand into my pocket; I sang out for the watchman - I do not know what she took from my pocket; Fagan the officer came up immediately: I had been drinking for two days together - I was nearly drunk when this happened.
FRANCIS FAGAN . I am a patrol of Bow-street. On the 31st of March I was on duty in Buckeridge-street, St. Giles’, I heard a cry of Watch! between ten and eleven o’clock at night, and saw Fox with her arms round the prosecutor’s body; she stood behind him, with her arms clasped round his body, holding him behind - Steel was in front of him, rifling his pockets: I did not think him drunk - there was not much difference in him than there is now; I took hold of Fox, while my partner took Steel; I searched Fox, but found nothing on her: when I took hold of her a button dropped from her - I searched Steel, and observed she had something in her month: she denied that she had - I insisted on her opening her mouth, and shewing me what she had; she refused to do so, and I used force; after struggling with her for a quarter of an hour, I succeeded in getting from her mouth a tooth-pick and three halfpence farthing: I secured, and took them to the watch-house - the tooth-pick is here; Wheatley found a duplicate in her hand.
WILLIAM WHEATLEY . I was with Fagan, and saw the prisoners together, round the prosecutor, at the corner of George-street; I took Fox, and found a duplicate in Steel’s right hand, and a piece of tobacco; the prosecutor said they were his, in the prisoner’s presence.
DANIEL RIERDAN . I was with Fagan and Wheatley. I picked up a button which laid on the ground, between Steel and Fox; I had seen Steel throw something away, but cannot say whether it was a button; I thought it was money - it sounded like a shilling; she threw it away directly we came up - we found no money, as the crowd collected and the street was muddy; the button was one of a Chelsea pensioner’s; I have had it ever since.
EDWARD NEYLON . I am a copper-plate printer. As I was going home I saw the prisoners going along with this man; I stopped and looked after them - I saw Steel following the prosecutor; I saw Steel with her left hand round the prosecutor’s body, and her right hand in his trousers pocket; Fox followed behind at a distance - I afterwards saw them in Fagan’s custody.
EDWARD MCQUILLEN . This tooth-pick belongs to me; I have had it two months - I know it by a crack on one side of it, and two marks on each end; I had it in my pocket all day, and had it in my hand several times: this duplicate is mine - it is for two silk handkerchiefs, pawned that day for 2s.; I had a button similar to this in my pocket: it came off this coat: I bought this coat of a Chelsea pensioner - I do not know what money I lost; I had the change of shilling out of three or four quarterns of gin.
Prisoner STEEL. Q. Did you not want to go home with me that night, and I said you should not? A. I do not recollect speaking to her at all.
FOX’s Defence. The man knows I never touched him; this woman asked me to go and have a drop of drink - he followed us out of the house, insisted on going home with her, and he gave her a shove.
STEEL’s Defence. I am totally innocent.
FOX - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 20.
STEEL - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 29.
Before Mr. Justice Gazelee.

Convict Changes History

Phil Hands on 27th September, 2017 made the following changes:

convicted at, date of birth: 1801 (prev. 0000), date of death: 1847 (prev. 0000), gender: f, crime

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