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Catherine Walsh

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Catherine Walsh
Aliases: Catherine Lonergan, Catherine Longhan, Catherine Loughan
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1789
Occupation: Servant
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: -
Convicted at: Ireland, Cork
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Almorah
Departure date: 6th April, 1824
Arrival date: 20th August, 1824
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 96 other convicts


Primary source: Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Maureen Withey on 14th May, 2020 wrote:

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry
Catherine Walsh, alias Lonergan Longhan Loughan. age 35,  per Almorah (3)  1824, Tried at Cork, 1823. 7 years, Native of Tipperary, Administering and unlawful oath under Insurrection Act.  (White Girl rebel.), Widow 4 children near Cashel Tipperary Co. Butter maker spinner washer. Trial details describe her as decent looking female. DOB. 1789.
SPECIAL SESSIONS, CORK Catherine Walsh was put to the bar, charged with having administered unlawful oath ; and in a second count, with having delivered a threatening message. Ellen Hunlay was sworn, and deposed, that she lives about six miles from this city; that the prisoner had come to her house at about six o’clock in the evening, the ? th July. Prisoner asked her to give night’s lodging, which witness refused; prisoner then went away and returned the following morning; prisoner desired witness to turn away a pensioner who was living with her as lodger, else she would suffer for it. Witness was much alarmed at this threat, but the prisoner returned subsequent day, and told witness that if she (witness) would be secret, the prisoner would disclose some circumstances were to occur. Witness promised to be secret ; but the prisoner was not satisfied with this, she insisted that the witness swear to it, which witness accordingly did; and after prisoner herself had sworn to disclose the truth, she informed the witness that her house was to be consumed a certain night, as she had not complied with with the injunction, conveyed through prisoner, to turn away the pensioner. In answer Mr. Blacker.—Prisoner told witness that that she had been deranged for sixteen years, and that Father John had cured her. Jane Mannix stated that she lived with the last witness, and that the prisoner came to the house about a month since: Mrs. H. was absent, but prisoner desired witness to tell her that she paid her rent, and kept her family before she ever saw pensioner, and that if she did not part with the one who lodged with her she would come trouble, for though Captain Rock was in prison his men were out.”  Jeremiah M‘Carthy stated that he had met the prisoner in public-house ….. 
addressed the prisoner. said, that she did not deny having delivered the message; she said that it was from compulsion, from friendship; but this was easy to allege, and was quite when unsupported evidence. She had not produced any person speak to her character; and, under all these circumstances, it was his duly to inform her, the Magistrates had found her guilty, and the sentence the Court was “That she should transported for seven years.”
Bells Life in London , 17 Aug 1823.
Surname: Walsh (alias Loughlin) (alias Hayes)
First Name: Catherine
Ship: Almorah 1824
Date: 17 December 1841
Place: Maitland
Source: Application to Marry
Details: Henry Trowbridge age 37 arrived per ‘Asia’, application to marry Catherine Walsh alias Loughlin alias Hayes age 52 arrived per ‘Almorah’
Catherine was the victim of a brutal rape by 3 soldiers. She gave evidence, but the soldiers were all found not guilty.  This case caused considerable contraversy at the time, letters to the newspapers, etc.
Deposition No. 11.
Catherine Hayes, per ship Almorah (3) but now free by servitude, and wife of William Hayes, assigned servant of John Town, of Richmond, being duly sworn, maketh oath, that about two months ago, on a Friday, she was returning from Bathurst to Windsor, about six o’clock in the evening; when within about six miles from the Weather-boarded Hut, deponent met a soldier, who joined deponent and had some conversation with her; he walked in her company to Heylin’s public-house, near the Weather-boarded Hut, and conducted himself very properly; deponent being afraid to proceed on her journey as it was getting late, engaged her bed and her supper, and gave her certificate of freedom into the hands of Mrs. Heylin, to keep for her; and deponent treated the soldier to a glass of rum, and he went away. Shortly after, three soldiers came to the house; one of whom had a policeman’s cloak on, and deponent heard them, outside, talking to the first soldier who had left the house. She heard them ask him, “can we have that woman?” to which he replied, “you cannot, for I have offered her money, and she would not consent;” they replied, “we will have a trial however,” they then went. away, and after being absent a short time, the same three returned and entered the house; and called for half-a-pint of brandy, and offered deponent some, which she refused; they had some conversation, and the soldier with the cloak on said, if he had come along the road with deponent, he would have known whether she was a man or a woman, and he would know it before ten o’clock that night. Deponent, thinking it was a joke, said, “I’ll lay you a shilling you do not.” The three men then went out for a minute or two, and on their return, began to measure each other against the door; making bets as to who was the tallest. At last, one of them said to deponent, that he would bet she was taller than the soldier in the cloak, who appeared to stoop a little; deponent then stood up with her back against the door, and Heylin the master of the house was in the act of chalking deponent’s height, when the soldier who had the cloak on, and whom deponent would know again, suddenly caught her up in his arms and ran out of the house, deponent resisting every way in her power, he carried her about three or four rods from the house, and then threw her on her back, and got on the top of her, and attempted to violate her person, and have forcible connexion with her; finding that she was too strong for him, one of the other soldiers put his foot on her neck and face, and held, whilst his comrade endeavoured to effect his purpose; but deponent struggled so hard and attempted to bite him, that he at last let her go. Deponent all this time screamed murder and called for assistance. Mr and Mrs. Heylin, came, but the soldiers threatened to shoot them if they came near; deponent called to Heylin to save her, he replied, that he was willing to do so, but that life was sweet, and he knew he should be murdered if he interfered; deponenent was afterwards dragged some distance further off, and the other two attempted to ravish her also; deponent swears that the two first men, (one of whom was the man in the cloak) violated her person and * * * * * * deponent thinks the name of the man with the cloak was Spillane, but is not certain; would know the other man also; he was the same man who walked with her in the evening; deponent cannot say how long she remained with the soldiers, or how many times, or how many of them violated her, as she became insensible from the blows and ill-usage she received; one of them struck deponent a violent blow on the head; and at the time they first took deponent out of the house, they crammed her handkerchief into her mouth; deponent had on her pocket, in which were seven shillings and six-pence, which was torn off her, and taken away, but she cannot positively say which of them did it; her handkerchief was also taken. Deponents bonnet and clothes were torn to pieces, and her body bruised and injured. A soldier of the name of Stevenson, at length came to her assistance: and took deponent to a bed-room, where he guarded deponent with his gun, and gave her every comfort in his power until morning; when deponent complained to the sergeant, and pointed out Spillane as one of the men who had ill-used her, and the sergeant ordered him to be confined. Deponent further swears, that she was perfectly sober, and never gave the soldiers the least encouragement, or reason to suppose that she would consent to their wishes; deponent slates, that she went to Penrith Court-house for the purpose of complaining, but in consequence of deponent having no money, and being advised not to prosecute the parties, she returned home, thinking it better to say nothing about it; deponent on her cross-examination states, that she knows none but Spillane; is positive that the man who took her out of door had a cloak on; swears she did not see Ormsby that night to know him, that the man who put his arms round her, and took her out of Heylin’s Inn, and ravished her, was the man disguised in a Police-man’s cloak; Ormsby might have been there, but deponent did not observe him; the man that wore the cloak, had it so close across his face, as not to be able to see him; he was muffled over.
Signed, CATHERINE X HAYES. Her mark.
Sworn before us, this 3rd day of April, 1832.
Sydney Monitor, 30 May 1832.

Penny-Lyn Beale on 17th May, 2020 wrote:

New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, 1810-1814, 1827-1867

Ticket of Leave Date: 28 DECEMBER 1830
No: 30/900

Trade or Calling; Servant

Maureen Withey on 18th May, 2020 wrote:

NOTICE.-If CATHERINE HAYES alias WELSH, by ship Almorah, who arrived in 1824, will enquire at Thomas Frost’s, Penrith, or Samuel Fowler, Parramatta, against the Bridge, or George Dorman, shoemaker, the Glebe, near the Post Office, she will hear of a very great friend. If alive, about 60 years old, formerly a resident of Richmond and Windsor; if dead any one giving information will be received with thanks.
Sydney Morning Herald, 15 Mar 1853.

Maureen Withey on 18th May, 2020 wrote:

Caution to the Public.
I Hereby caution the public against giving credit to my Wife, Catherine Trowbridge, on my account, as I will not hold myself responsible for any debt she may contract, she having left her home without any just cause or provocation ; she is supposed to be in the vicinity of Maitland, and any one found harbouring her after this date will be prosecuted.
Dungog, 27th May, 1843.
Maitland Mercury, 3 Jun 1843.

Convict Changes History

Maureen Withey on 14th May, 2020 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry (prev. ), firstname: Catherine, surname: Walsh, alias1: Catherine Lonergan, alias2: Catherine Longhan, alias3: Catherine Loughan, alias4: , date of birth: 1789, date of

Penny-Lyn Beale on 17th May, 2020 made the following changes:


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