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William Watson

William Watson, one of 220 convicts transported on the Lord Eldon, April 1817

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Watson
Aliases: Reid (alias)
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1794
Occupation: Bootmaker
Date of Death: 31st March, 1841
Age: 47 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Forgery
Convicted at: Aberdeen Court of Justiciary
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Lord Eldon
Departure date: April, 1817
Arrival date: 30th September, 1817
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 219 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 335 (169)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Lynne Ho on 9th June, 2016 wrote:

Certificate of Freedom 28 Dec 1830

Ron Garbutt on 3rd February, 2020 wrote:

Birth year. Probably around 1794. No reliable source found. Different sources - different birth years.

Sources.

Title
1828 New South Wales, Australia Census (TNA Copy)
Author
Ancestry.com

Detail
State Archives NSW
Source Information
Title
New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, 1810-1814, 1827-1867
Author
Ancestry.com

Ron Garbutt on 3rd February, 2020 wrote:

19 Sep 1816. Trial and Sentence.
Aberdeen Court of Justiciary, Aberdeen, Scotland

Entry relating to the crime of forgery. Verdict: Guilty, Verdict Comments: Guilty in terms of own confession, Sentence: Transportation - 14 years, Note: National Archives of Scotland NAS Catalogue. (see JC11/56, f.49r).

Source.
Detail
State Library of Queensland; South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 335 (169)
Source Information
Title
Web: Australia, Convict Records Index, 1787-1867
Author
Ancestry.com

Ron Garbutt on 3rd February, 2020 wrote:

9 Apr 1817. Departure from England on convict ship Lord Eldon.

Sources.
Free Settler or Felon (website)
Convict Ship Lord Eldon 1817
https://www.jenwilletts.com/convict_ship_lord_eldon_1817.htm

Detail
State Library of Queensland; South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 335 (169)
Source Information
Title
Web: Australia, Convict Records Index, 1787-1867
Author
Ancestry.com

Ron Garbutt on 3rd February, 2020 wrote:

Details for the ship Lord Eldon (1817)
Ship Name: Lord Eldon
Rig Type: S.
Built: Shields
Build Year: 1802
Size (tons): 583
Voyage Details
Master: James T. Lamb
Surgeon: James Bowman
Sailed: 9 April 1817
From: England
Arrived: 30 September 1817
Port: PJ
Route: Madeira, Rio
Days Travel: 174
Convicts Landed: 215 males & 0 female convicts

https://www.hawkesbury.net.au/claimaconvict/shipDetails.php?shipId=133

Ron Garbutt on 3rd February, 2020 wrote:

30 Sep 1817. Arrival at Port Jackson, New South Wales

Sources.

State Archives NSW
Source Information
Title
New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, 1810-1814, 1827-1867
Author
Ancestry.com

State Library of Queensland; South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 335 (169)
Source Information
Title
Web: Australia, Convict Records Index, 1787-1867
Author
Ancestry.com

Ron Garbutt on 3rd February, 2020 wrote:

Abt. 1820. “Marriage” to Grizel ‘Grace’ Johnston
(1782–1843). Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Assumed common law marriage.
No marriage records found. 3 children.

Ron Garbutt on 3rd February, 2020 wrote:

31 Mar 1841. Death. Sydney

Sources.

State Library of Queensland; South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 335 (169)
Source Information
Title
Web: Australia, Convict Records Index, 1787-1867
Author
Ancestry.com

Australia, Death Index, 1787-1985
Author
Ancestry.com
Publisher
Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.

D Wong on 3rd February, 2020 wrote:

William was listed as 23 years old on arrival.
He was 5’7½” tall, kfair fresh complexion, grey eyes, (cannot read hair colour). (Ancestry Convict Indents).

Ron Garbutt on 3rd February, 2020 wrote:

28 December 1830. Certificate of Freedom issued.

Source.
State Archives NSW
Source Information
Title
New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, 1810-1814, 1827-1867
Author
Ancestry.com

Ron Garbutt on 13th March, 2020 wrote:

William Watson, 1790–1841
alias Reid
Facts and events

Birth 1790
Alford, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom

Source: Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, 1827-1867 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.
Text:
native place Aberdeenshire
Born 1790

Source: Johnson, Keith A. Comp. Gravestone inscriptions, N.S.W. Volume 1. Sydney burial ground : Elizabeth and Devonshire Streets “The Sandhills’ (Monuments relocated at Bunnerong) / compiled by Keith A. Johnson and Malcolm R. Sainty. n.p., the compilers, 1973
Citation details:
gravestone inscription

Text:
“Native of Aberdeenshire, Parish of Alford, Scotland”

Immigration September 30, 1817 (Age 27 years)
Sydney Cove, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Source: State Library of Queensland. Convict Transportation Registers Database 1787-1867 [database on-line].
Citation details:
Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 335 (169)

Text:
William Watson, one of 220 convicts transported on the ship Lord Eldon, April 1817.
Sentence details: Convicted at Aberdeen Court of Justiciary for a term of 14 years on 19 September 1816.
Vessel: Lord Eldon.
Date of Departure: April 1817.
Place of Arrival: New South Wales.

Source: Bateson, Charles. The convict ships 1787-1868. 2nd ed. Glasgow : Brown, Son & Ferguson Ltd., 1985 ie 1969
Citation details:
p. 340

Text:
The ship Lord Eldon arrived in NSW 30 Sep 1817

Marriage Grizel Jonhston
Type: Common
estimated 1820 (Age 30 years)

Census about 1825 (Age 35 years)
Windsor, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia

Source: Ancestry.com. New South Wales and Tasmania, Australia Convict Musters, 1806-1849 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.
Citation details:
1825 muster (1823-1825)

Text:
Johnston, Grizel, convict, Friends, 1811, 14 years, wife of Watson, shoemaker, Windsor
Watson, William, ticket of leave, Lord Eldon, 1817, 14 years, shoemaker, Sydney [sic]
Watson, Jane, 11, born in the colony, daughter of Wm. Watson, Windsor
Watson, Daniel, 9, born in the colony, son of above
Watson, Mary, 2, born in the colony, daughter of above
Watson, Thomas, 7, born in the colony, son of above

Census November 1828 (Age 38 years)
Windsor, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia

Source: Census of New South Wales November 1828, ed. by Malcolm R. Sainty and Keith A. Johnson. Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1985 ie. 1980
Citation details:
p. 384

Text:
Watson, William, 34, government servant, Lord Eldon, 1817, 14 years, Protestant, shoemaker, Windsor
Watson, Grace, 42, free by servitude, Friends, 1811, 7 years, Protestant
Watson, Jane, 13, born in the colony
Watson, Daniel 11, born in the colony
Watson, Mary, 5, born in the colony
Watson, Martha, 3, born in the colony

Certificate of freedom December 28, 1830 (Age 40 years)
New South Wales, Australia

Source: Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, 1827-1867 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.
Text:
No 30/908, dated 28 Dec 1830
William Watson, alias Reid
Ship Lord Eldon, 1817, master Lamb
native place Aberdeenshire
occupation shoemaker
tried Aberdeen Court of Justiciary 19 Sep 1816
14 years sentence
Born 1790, 5 feet 7 and a quarter inches tall, pale complexion, sandy hair and grey eyes

Death March 30, 1841 (Age 51 years)
Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Source: Johnson, Keith A. Comp. Gravestone inscriptions, N.S.W. Volume 1. Sydney burial ground : Elizabeth and Devonshire Streets “The Sandhills’ (Monuments relocated at Bunnerong) / compiled by Keith A. Johnson and Malcolm R. Sainty. n.p., the compilers, 1973
Citation details:
gravestone inscription

Burial March 31, 1841 (1 day after death)
Sydney City, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Source: Document - Burial Certificate
Citation details:
596 Vol 103

Text:
William Watson, abode Sydney, age 47 years, a shoemaker
Buried 31 Mar 1841
Parish of St Andrews Scots Burial Ground, county of Cumberland NSW
Rev. John McGarvie officiating minister

Source: Johnson, Keith A. Comp. Gravestone inscriptions, N.S.W. Volume 1. Sydney burial ground : Elizabeth and Devonshire Streets “The Sandhills’ (Monuments relocated at Bunnerong) / compiled by Keith A. Johnson and Malcolm R. Sainty. n.p., the compilers, 1973
Citation details:
p. 116, no. 2078

Text:
William WATSON died 30th March 1841 age 46 years
Native of Aberdeenshire, Parish of Alford, Scotland
also Grace WATSON
wife of the above
died 14th May 1843 aged 67 years
also John Frederick WATSON…

from Australian Royalty website:
https://australianroyalty.net.au/tree/purnellmccord.ged/individual/I37523/William-Watson

Ron Garbutt on 15th March, 2020 wrote:

A post in RootsChat.com

Offline Bill Fraser
RootsChat Extra
**
Posts: 93
View Profile

Re: William WATSON
« Reply #13 on: Wednesday 22 April 09 15:10 BST (UK) »
Hi Lynnee,
Thought you would be interested in the following :-

CALEDONIAN MERCURY
MONDAY, 9 SEPTEMBER 1816
The following persons have been served with indictments to stand trial before the ensuing Circuit Court of Justiciary, at Aberdeen, viz
William Watson, alias William Reid for forgery.

CALEDONIAN MERCURY
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1816

Aberdeen, Sept 18
Yesterday the Circuit Court of Justiciary was opened here by the Right Honourable Lord Gillies.
After the usual preliminaries, the Court proceeded to the trial of William Watson, alias Reid, shoemaker in Skene Street, Aberdeen, charged with forgery. The indictment accused the panel of being guilty of uttering and using, as true and genuine, a false and forged letter, purporting to be written by John Reid, farmer of Guise, in the parish of Tough, and addressed to Mr Leith, builder in Aberdeen, requesting him to advance to the panel, William Reid, the sum of L10 Sterling, on his, Mr John Reid’s account. In this imposition, it appeared, that he succeeded, Mr Leith having advanced the sum desired; but at the same time taking due precautions to identify the prisoner, in case the letter in question should turn out to be forged. The libel was restricted to an arbitrary punishment, in terms of his own confession, and will receive sentence on Thursday.
Counsel for the Crown, Samuel McCormick, Esq. For the panel, William Buchanan, Esq.

CALEDONIAN MERCURY
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1816
Aberdeen, Sept 19.
The court met this day, and proceeded to pass sentence on those who had been tried on the 17th.
William Watson, alias Reid, being again called to the bar, received sentence of transportation for 14 years.

Regards.
Bill

https://www.rootschat.com/forum/index.php?topic=376782.9

Ron Garbutt on 15th March, 2020 wrote:

The Origin of William Watson (Reid)
Watson

There are two baptisms for William Reid recorded on 1 April 1798 and 3 April 1798 with parents William Reid and Margaret Wats (Watt). I can’t find a marriage for them. This may be why William Watson has an alias of Reid.

1 Margaret Watson (Wats, Watt) + William Reid

1.1 William Watson (aka Reid) b. 1795 Alford ABD bap. 1798 Alford ABD m. Grizel (Grace) Johnstone d. 30 March 1841 buried at Sydney Burial Ground. A Cobbler, living in Ardgathon ABD, convicted of forgery by the Aberdeen Assizes on 19 September 1816 and transported for 14 years to New South Wales in 1817 on Lord Eldon. In New South Wales he lived in the Windsor area. He is recorded as a shoemaker on his daughter Martha’s death certificate.

1.1.1 Mary Watson b. 3 September 1823 Windsor NSW bap. 27 July 1829 Scots Church Portland Head NSW m. 6 March 1843 Daniel Cunningham, Sydney NSW d. 28 December 1852 Sydney NSW.

1.1.2 Martha Watson b. 18 November 1825 Windsor NSW bap. 27 July 1829 Scots Church Portland Head NSW m. 30 October 1847 Cannell (William Cornelius) Hensby St Leonards NSW St Thomas Church (now in North Sydney) d. 14 July 1896 Chatswood NSW buried in Gore Hill Cemetery.

1.2 Robert Reid bap. 26 February 1800 Alford ABD.

Many thanks to Violet Fredburg, Jan Kerrigan and Marie Ryan for their research into William Watson and Grizel Johnstone.
- from Kevin Harradine’s Genealogy Website.

http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~harradine/genealogy/index_files/Page2677.htm

Convict Changes History

Lynne Ho on 9th June, 2016 made the following changes:

alias1: Reid (alias) (prev. Reid (Alias)), date of death: 31st March, 1841 (prev. 0000), occupation, crime

Ron Garbutt on 2nd February, 2020 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1794 (prev. 0000)

Ron Garbutt on 2nd February, 2020 made the following changes:

gender: m

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au