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James Wright

James Wright, one of 200 convicts transported on the Indian, July 1810

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Wright
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1786
Occupation: Soldier/labourer
Date of Death: 30th May, 1825
Age: 39 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Horse theft
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Indian
Departure date: July, 1810
Arrival date: 16th December, 1810
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 200 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 17 (10)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

D Wong on 11th October, 2019 wrote:

Old Bailey:
JAMES WRIGHT.
Theft: animal theft.
17th May 1809
Verdict Guilty
Sentence Death

JAMES WRIGHT was indicted for feloniously stealing on the 12th of May, two geldings, value 20 l. and a set of harness, value 2 l. the property of William Smart.

SECOND COUNT for like offence, stating it to be the property of William Girdler.

Prisoner’s Defence. I had been punished by the regiment a great deal; it made me quite careless almost to think I should be punished, and not in fault; for that reason, I was careless what I did. I did not take the horses with intent to make money of them, or steal them. A gentleman that I never saw in my life before, persuaded me to ride the saddle horse, and be rode the other. We went on the road, I cannot tell what place it was; I never was in the country before. The other man took the traces off the horses; I asked him what he was going to do with them, I thought it was wrong; he said you never mind; he told me to put up at the house where the ostler lived, he would call at eight o’clock in the morning. As we were riding along, I perceived the horse I was riding, go lame; I said we had better get him shod, than for the horse to go lame. When I came to the stable in the morning, I asked the ostler where I could get a blacksmith, he told me. I took him to the blacksmith; I saw the other horse wanted shoeing all round. I told the blacksmith to fetch him.
GUILTY - DEATH, aged 23.

C1814: Was assigned to John Turnball.

1816: Married Turnbull’s daughter Mary Ann.

1822: TOL

2/6/1825 Sydney Gazette:
MURDER.
FRIDAY, MAY 27.—James Wright was indicted for the wilful murder of his wife, Mary Ann Wright, in the district of the Hawkesbury, on the 5th of February last.
It appeared in evidence, that the improper conduct of the deceased had been a constant source of disquiet to the unfortunate man ; and was eventually the cause of his committing the
dreadful act, for which he stood his trial. He confessed to the Magistrate, after he was apprehended, that having had reason to suspect the deceased of an adulterous intercourse with a man named Cavanagh, he spoke to her on the subject, when she told him that—“he knew she had been common both before and since he married her, and that she would be so to any man she pleased ;”—in the unguarded impulse of the moment, he seized an axe which was at hand, and committed the dreadful act, which deprived the wretched victim of existence. He declared, that he had no desire to escape from justice, and only absconded for the purpose of gaining time to pray to God for forgiveness.—He was described by William Cox, Esq. a Magistrate at Windsor, who had known him for some years, to have been a quiet industrious man, somewhat irritable in temper, and of quick and sensitive feelings.—No defence being set up, the Jury returned a verdict, without retiring, of guilty.—Sentenced to die on Monday ; on which day the unhappy but penitent man expiated his direful offence by the untimely forfeiture of his life. May such awful exits be attended with lasting benefits to that society which crime has thus ignominiously deprived of another member !

2/6/1825 The Australian, Sydney:
On Monday last James Wright, who had been found guilty the preceding Friday of the wilful murder of his wife, was executed pursuant to his sentence,—
When he ascended the scaffold he appeared perfectly resigned to his fate.

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 11th October, 2019 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1786 (prev. 0000), date of death: 30th May, 1825 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au