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Richard Wright, one of 401 convicts transported on the Glatton, September 1802
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 51 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Middlesex Gaol Delivery
11th March, 1803
|Place of arrival
||New South Wales
Travelled with 401 other convicts
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 324
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Maureen Withey on 29th August, 2019 wrote:
Richard was convicted at the Old Bailey.
RICHARD WRIGHT, JOHN SMITH, THOMAS JOHNSTONE, Theft - burglary, 20th May 1801.
490. RICHARD WRIGHT , JOHN SMITH , alias PARKER , and THOMAS JOHNSTONE , were indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Richard Harvey , about the hour of twelve in the night of the 18th of March , with intent to steal, and stealing therein one hundred pounds weight of tea, value 26l. sixty pounds weight of sugar, value 3l. two pounds of nutmegs, value 2l. four pounds weight of chocolate, value 8s. and three pounds weight of cocoa, value 3s. the property of the said Richard, and a great coat, value 5s. the property of John Baynes .
RICHARD HARVEY sworn. - I am a grocer , and live at No. 1, Charles-street, Hatton-garden : On the 18th of March, I went to bed about eleven o’clock; John Baynes, my servant , was the last person up in the house, the house was compleatly fastened; about a quarter after six in the morning of the 19th, I called my servant, as I generally do, and in a few minutes he came up, requesting me to walk down stairs; I went down, and missed a quantity of articles more than are stated in the indictment; I missed tea to the value of twenty-six pounds, sugar to the value of three pounds.
Q. Did you lose in the whole goods to the value of ten pounds? - A. Yes.
Q. Did you servant lose a great coat? - A. Yes.
Cross-examined by Mr. Clifton. Q. You live in Charles-street, Hatton-garden; that is in the City of London, is it not? - A. A part of it is, and part of it is not; my house is in the county of Middlesex.
EDWARD COLEMAN sworn. -
Court. Q. It is known that you are an accomplice of the men at the bar; now, mind, I tell you, before you are examined as a witness, that it is your duty to speak the whole truth, and nothing but the truth; you must misrepresent nothing, and you must not either add or diminish, at all; tell us if you know the three prisoners at the bar? - A. I know them all three; on Thursday, the 18th of March, Richard Wright called me up.
Q. Where did he live? - A. He had no place of abode particularly.
Q. Where did Smith, otherwise Parker, live? - A. No. 4, in Newtoner’s-lane.
Q.Where did Johnstone live? - A. That I cannot say; between one and two o’clock in the morning, they all three called me up, I live in Nag’s Head-court; Wright proposed our going to Mr. Harvey’s house, Wright and Parker had been there the day before; we went to the house, and broke open the cellar window, upon which I and Wright went down and opened two stair foot doors; they were bolted.
Q. How did you contrive to get in? - A. With a rook; then we got into the sliding passage, and there was a door, we broke that open, an there we staid for sometime, till there was an opportunity of letting Parker and Johnstone in; we let them in; we staid there for near an hour, on account of the watchman being on the opposite side of the way; the watchman went away, on account of a fire that was just broke out, and then we all went away; we took with us tea in canisters from out of the shop, lump sugar, nutmegs, and two great coats, I had one, and Johnstone the other; we were going to Parker’s lodgings, and going along, the three prisoners saw the patrol; I did not see him, though I was close to him; I had a loaf of sugar, some nutmegs, and five pounds of sugar made up in papers; the patrol stopped me, and they three went away; the patrol took me to the watch-house, and searched me; he took this property from me, and from thence I was taken before Mr. Blamire; I had one of the great coats on; I don’t know what became of the prisoners.
Cross-examined by Mr. Clifton. Q. How often have you appeared in this very honourable situation? - A. Never before.
Q. Have you never stood in any other situation in this Court? - A. No.
Q. What Court was it you were transported from? - A. None at all; I have been two voyages to Botany Bay; I went out as a sailor.
Q. Do you mean to swear that? - A. Yes.
Q. How many more men’;s lives are depending upon your evidence, besides these three men? - A. Two more that I have been with.
Q. And you intend to swear these men’s livesaway, to save your own neck? - A. No, it is not to swear away any body’s life.
Q. You were well acquainted with these men? A. One of them I had never seen till that night.
Q. And you thought it prudent to commit a burglary with a man you never saw before? - A. He was recommended by them.
Q. Have you never said those three men were with you at the moment you were apprehended? - A. Yes; I was no above a yard before them.
Q. And they were not apprehended till after your confession? - A. No.
Court. (To Harvey.) Q. How do you suppose the persons got into your house? - A. The cellarflap was forced open; there are two stair foot doors, they were broke; the lock of the door in the passage was forced back.
WILLIAM HUNT sworn. - I am a patrol of St. Andrew’s, Holborn: On the 19th of March last, about a quarter after three o’clock, I was coming down Middle-row, Holborn, and met Coleman in company with another man; when they saw me, the man turned back, and Coleman turned into Staple’s Inn Buildings; I laid hold of him, and asked him what he had there; he said, what did I think it was; I felt it, and said, I thought it was sugar; I asked him where he got it from; he said, he brought it from Gravesend; I asked him where he was going to take it to; he said he was going to take it home; I told him, before he took it home, he should go to the watch-house with me, to see whether he had a title to it, or not; he said, it was very hard a man could not walk the streets with his own property, without being molested by patrols and watchmen; I took my cutlass from under my coat, and then he said he would go, but should carry the sugar; He carried it as far as Southampton-buildings, and there he threw it down; he said he would not carry it any further, I should carry it myself; then I gave it to another man, and I conveyed him to the watch-house; there was a loaf of sugar, five pounds of sugar, and a quantity of nutmegs, I cannot say how many, rightly.
Cross-examined by Mr. Clifton. Q. There was only one person with Coleman? - A. No.
Q. That you are sure of? - A. Yes, and he ran away.
WILLIAM CHAPMAN sworn. - I am an officer belonging to Hatton-garden: On Thursday, the 19th of March, in the evening, I went with the rest of the officers to search the lodgings of Parker, alias Smith, No. 4, Newtoner’s-lane, alias Charles-street; I found some sugar, some tea, and a dark lantern, in a band-box under the bed; the sugar was loose wrapped up in a cloth.
Harvey. This is the sort of sugar that I lost; I cannot swear to it.
Mr. Clifton. (To Chapman.) Q. This is a common lodging-house, is it not? - A. Yes.
Q. The room door was open, any body might have gone in? - A. No, it was locked; I broke it open, there was nobody there; I apprehended him about three weeks afterwards, and found upon him eleven papers of tobacco, two nutmegs, and a small bag of coffee.
ROBERT BALLARD sworn. - I am a patrol of St. Andrew’s: About three o’clock on the 19th of March, my partner, Hunt, and I, were going down Holborn, when a fire broke out in Baldwin’s-place, Baldwin’s-gardens; my partner was going on before to see where the fire was, when he sell in with Coleman, and I met him bringing Coleman back; I took the sugar, and carried it to the watch-house; that is all I know.
LEVI OBURN sworn. - I belong to Hatton-garden: I went with the other officers to Newtoner’s-lane, and found some tea and sugar in a band-box under the bed; I know no more of it.(Produces it.)
JOHN BAYNES sworn. - The witness, Coleman, had my great coat on at the time he was taken, and there was a pocket handkerchief of mine in the coat pocket.
ARCHIBALD RUTHVEN sworn. - I am an officer belonging to Bow-street: I apprehended Johnstone on the 30th of March, at a public-house; I apprehended him for breaking out of Tothill Fields Bridewell.
Mr. Alley. Q. As you have been so kind to tell us that, I suppose you know there are three forty pounds rewards, if these men are convicted? - A. Every officer must know that.
JOSEPH INWARDS sworn. - I belong to Hatton-garden: I went to fetch Johnstone after he was apprehended; he said, d-n him, he will swear to me, I am done; I heard him say that when he came into the room.
Q. Did he know what you came about? - A. Not to my knowledge.
Q. Then he might allude to something else, for any thing you know? - A. It might: I apprehended Parker and Wright in a court facing Wellclose-square; I asked Parker what his name was; he said his name was Smith; I told him I believed his name was Parker, and he totally denied it.
Q. When was it you apprehended him? - A. I think it was the 15th of March, or April, I cannot say which, I believe it was April; we handcuffed him, and searched him; I found seven eggs in the crown of his hat, and several papers of tobacco; I told him I apprehended him for house-breaking in Leather-lane; Mr. Harvey’s is a corner house; he denied knowing any thing at all about it; I apprehended Wright the same evening at the Hart in Lewker’s-lane; I asked him if his name was Wright, and he said, no; he was pointed out to me, for he had been in the House of Correction before, and I knew him to be Wright.
Wright’s defence. I have nothing to say; I am innocent of what I am here for.
Smith’s defence. I know nothing at all about it; I know nothing of the man, nor yet of the robbery.
Johnstone left his defence to his Counsel.
Wright, GUILTY, Death, aged 23.
Smith, GUILTY, Death, aged 25.
Johnstone, GUILTY, Death, aged 27.
First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.
Source: Old Bailey online.
Convict Changes History
Maureen Withey on 29th August, 2019 made the following changes: