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Sarah Young, one of 151 convicts transported on the Lady Juliana, June 1789
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 61 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to 7 years
||Middlesex Gaol Delivery
3rd June, 1790
|Place of arrival
||New South Wales
Travelled with 246 other convicts
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 17 (10)
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Maureen Withey on 1st May, 2020 wrote:
Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 01 May 2020), July 1787, trial of MARY ARBIN SARAH YOUNG (t17870711-39).
MARY ARBIN, SARAH YOUNG, Theft > shoplifting, 11th July 1787.
597 MARY ARBIN and SARAH YOUNG were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 12th day of July , nine yards of check muslin, value 30 s. the property of John Fisher , privily in his shop .
JOHN FISHER sworn.
I live in Swallow-street , on Thursday last, I saw the prisoners come into my shop, both together, between four and five in the afternoon, they walked six or seven yards into the shop; then I heard Mary Arbin ask my shopman to shew her some muslins; Young was in the shop close by her, she asked for nothing at that time; the man’s name is Richard Reynolds ; I took no farther notice at that time, but went about some other business in the shop.
Were there any other people in the shop at this time? - Yes, four or five customers; about twenty minutes or half an hour after, a lady came in and gave information about some muslins, and I sent out my shopman, and he brought in the prisoner Sarah Young ; his name is William Hodges ; she walked up near the counter, and I saw her drop the muslin from her apron, she dropped it about half a yard from the counter, before she came to it, and after she dropped it on the floor, she kicked it with her foot nearer to the counter, and near to the prisoner Mary Arbin , who still remained in the shop; there were nine yards of it, it had the shop mark upon it; the first is six quarters, which means the width of the muslin, a figure of 6 and a turned up E. I have no doubt of it’s being my property.
Did you hear any conversation pass between the prisoners? - No; the value of the muslin is 30 s. I have had it about six weeks or two months, it was not an old shop-keeper.
Mr. Knowleys, Prisoner Arbins’s Counsel. Then you did not see these people hold any conversation together? - No.
At the time Young was brought in Arbin was in your shop? - Yes.
There were several customers? - Yes, three or four.
You searched Arbin? - Yes, nothing was found upon her.
RICHARD REYNOLDS sworn.
I am shopman to Mr. Fisher; on Thursday the 12th, about five in the afternoon, the prisoners came in together, and Mary Arbin asked to look at some muslin; I shewed her a parcel, not any of which she approved of; I then shewed her a second parcel, which she likewise did not approve of, and I think, to the best of my recollection at that time, I asked Mary Arbin if she came with the other prisoner; she answered no; for as they came in toge- there, I considered them as one customer; I then shewed Mary Arbin a third parcel of muslin, which she purchased some of; she did not pay for it; I likewise shewed her some check muslin.
Did Arbin ask for check muslin? - At that time she asked for check muslin; she likewise bought some of that; she afterwards asked to look at some check, she bought a yard and a nail of the check, that was a proper quantity for an apron; she desired me to cut off three yards three quarters of check; I cut off for her a yard of clear muslin, at eight shillings; a yard and one sixteenth of six-quarters check muslin, at five shillings; after I cut the check off I saw William Hodges bring in Sarah Young ; she had a bundle in her apron, she came into the shop, and when she came to the middle of the shop, close by Mary Arbin , she let her apron loose, and there I say her drop a quantity of muslin.
Was the muslin she dropped any part of this piece that you had cut off? - No, it was not; I did not see her do any thing to it after she had dropped it; I saw her drop it close to the counter; it was the property of John Fisher; I know the marks, I cannot say who marked them, but it is the shop mark; I have not the least doubt of this muslin being his: we had not then an opportunity of examining whether such a piece of muslin was missing.
When you sell a piece of muslin out of the shop, you sell them with your marks on? - Yes.
Had you sold such a piece or remnant as that? - No.
Mr. Garrow. You say that Arbin was in the shop, and dealing with you at the time the other was brought back? - Yes.
You had several other customers in the shop? - Yes.
WILLIAM HODGES sworn.
I am shopman to Mr. Fisher; on Thursday about five, I saw the two prisoners come into the shop together, as close as they possibly could.
Did you hear them converse together? - After they came into the shop I did.
You are sure of that? - Yes.
What was their conversation about; - It was something seemingly to themselves; I was at the other counter doing up a piece of Irish.
Did they talk loud enough for you to hear them converse together? - No, only I heard a whispering between them as they came in together; I thought them to be in company together; they stood together in the shop, and never spoke; I set them two stools to sit together; then some of these gentlemen waited upon them on the other side; after they had been some time, and done some business, Sarah Young went out of the shop by herself; soon after she was gone out, a lady gave information about some muslin, and Mr. Fisher sent me out immediately; I followed the prisoner Sarah Young about one hundred yards from the shop; I overtook her seeing her stoop down, pulling a piece of muslin from under her petticoats, and putting it into her apron, and folding it up; after she had done that, she was walking off, I catched hold of her hand, I told her I should be obliged to her if she would come back to the linen draper’s shop at the corner with me, for there was a mistake between her and the young person that waited upon her, with that she immediatelyturned and looked in my face, and said, she could not think what mistake it could be, as she had only brought one handkerchief and paid for it; I told her I did not know any thing what it was, but if she would be so kind as to come back along with me, we could soon determine it; she came back with me, I brought her back against the counter, and I asked her what that was she had in her apron, she answered nothing at all only the handkerchief she had bought; she immediately unloosed her apron, and dropped the muslin down near to the counter, and gave it a kick back with her foot, towards the prisoner Arbin; I asked her if her pocket handkerchief would make such a bulk in her apron as what she had when I brought her along the street, and she said she had nothing but her handkerchief, and she shewed me her handkerchief; I told her she had dropped the muslin there; she said I had accused her very wrong; I said, I saw you pull it from under your coats at the corner of the street, and put it into your apron; she denied knowing Mary Arbin, or seeing her before that time; and Mary Arbin said the same, she knew nothing of her, and protested she wished she might never see the Almighty with her eyes, if she ever saw her before.
Are you sure you heard them whisper together? - Yes.
I produce the property; my master took it up and gave it to me; it has been in my care ever since.
(Produced and deposed to with the mark upon it.)
I know it to be the shop mark; and I can prove it to be my master’s hand writing.
Do you know whether you sold such a remnant? - No, I do not believe we did; we had three pieces much about the same price and pattern; the night before, and the night of the robbery we had but two pieces of that kind in the wrapper; we straighten the wrappers every night, and the night before they were all right; we discovered that piece to be missing that evening.
JAMES COLLET sworn.
I am a master taylor; I was coming by the shop, on Thursday the 12th, about five in the afternoon, I saw a vast croud of people; I asked what was the matter, and I went on to a customer of mine; it rained very hard, I went into the Crown alehouse for shelter, and there were these prisoners, and the constable, and Mr. Hodges; I went to the Justice’s with them; when we came there, the two prisoners denied one another, knowing or seeing each other; I told the Justice I saw them talking to each other in the alehouse.
Court. But that was after they were taken up? - Yes.
STEPHEN PITT sworn.
I know nothing more than taking than taking the prisoner into custody, and I found half a guinea and sixpence on the one, and some money on the other.
Court. Have you brought all the servants that were in the shop? - No.
There are servants that you did not bring? - Yes.
JAMES BLANDY sworn.
I saw two genteel young women get out of a coach, and I walked by the side of them along Mary-bone-street; I know the prosecutor Fisher, part of his house is in Swallow-street, and the other in Glass-house-street.
Do you know them again? - I cannot swear to one of them; I know one perfectly well, that is Sarah Young ; I do not know that I ever saw the other in my life before; I lost sight of them, and in about the space of fifteen or twenty minutes; one of them came back again, and just against our waggon where we were unloading coals; she dropped a bundle from under her petticoats, and put it in her apron; that was Young.
PRISONER ARBIN’S DEFENCE.
I am very innocent of the matter.
PRISONER YOUNG’s DEFENCE.
I had nothing but the handkerchief that I bought in the apron, and I shewed the gentleman coming along the street that I had nothing else.
MARY ARBIN , NOT GUILTY .
SARAH YOUNG , GUILTY , Death .
Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. ROSE.
National Archives. HO 47/9/4 1789 Apr 17
Report of James Adair, Recorder of London. Also includes a list from the Recorder of London enclosing a list of capital convicts respited but who cannot be removed until their pardons are confirmed, they are to receive sentence of transportation as set against their names:
Sarah Young. Convicted in July 1787, recommended to 7 years transportation.
Convict Changes History
Maureen Withey on 1st May, 2020 made the following changes: