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Zenophon Hearn Basham

Zenophon Herne Basham, one of 300 convicts transported on the General Hewett, August 1813

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Zenophon Hearn Basham
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1772
Occupation: Butcher
Date of Death: 1827
Age: 55 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 57 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Uttering forged notes
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: General Hewett
Departure date: August, 1813
Arrival date: 7th February, 1814
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 300 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 120
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 11th September, 2011 wrote:

His name is often spelt as Xenophon.
He was originally sentenced to 14 years transportation in 1811, but he escaped from the prison hulks in Portsmouth on 31 Oct 1811.
He was subsequently arrested and charged with being at large before the expiration of his term, for which he was sentenced to death.

Robert Cox on 20th September, 2012 wrote:

Basham became a servant to James Cubbitson Sutherland in northern Tasmania and was murdered there on 31 December 1825 by Thomas Jeffries, an escaped convict. Known as ‘the monster’, Jeffries killed or was party to killing six people, including a baby, and was hanged alongside the bushranger Matthew Brady on 4 May 1826.

Rhonda Cole on 22nd April, 2019 wrote:

Xenophon Hearn Basham died on 1 Apr 1827. His son, John, died on 31 Mar 1825, not December. John was not killed by bushrangers. He was killed by mistake by government soldiers, although the Rev. John Youl noted the cause of death in the St John’s, Launceston, register as “Murder’d”.

Maureen Withey on 1st January, 2020 wrote:

Burial Record in parish of St John, Launceston, Cornwall, Port Dalrymple, 1827. https://stors.tas.gov.au/RGD34-1-1p068j2k
Xenophon Basham, abode, near George Town, buried 15 Sept 1827, age 55, ship General Hewitt, farmer.

Ron Garbutt on 11th July, 2020 wrote:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 11 July 2020), May 1811, trial of ZENOPHON HEARN BASHAM (t18110529-20).
ZENOPHON HEARN BASHAM, Deception > forgery, 29th May 1811.
400. ZENOPHON HEARN BASHAM was indicted for that he, on the 1st of April , feloniously had in his custody and possession, a certain forged bank note for the payment of 5 l. he knowing the same to be forged and counterfeit .

To this indictment the prisoner pleaded GUILTY .

Transported for Fourteen Years .

London jury, before Mr. Baron Graham .


Ron Garbutt on 11th July, 2020 wrote:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 11 July 2020), January 1813, trial of ZENOPHON HEARN BASHAM (t18130113-33).
ZENOPHON HEARN BASHAM, Miscellaneous > returning from transportation, 13th January 1813.
161. ZENOPHON HEARN BASHAM was indicted for that he, on the 29th of May, at the Sessions for the delivery of Newgate, holden at Justice-hall, Old Bailey, in the City of London, in the 51st year of his Majesty’s reign, was tried and convicted of felony, and was sentenced to be tranported beyond the seas for the term of fourteen years, and the indictment further states, that he, on the 4th of December last, was at large in this kingdom, before the expiration of the said term for which he was ordered to be transported .

To this indictment the prisoner pleaded.


First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Recorder.


Convict Changes History

Herbert Bray on 9th April, 2013 made the following changes:

firstname Zenophon Hearn (prev. Zenophon Herne), date of birth 1772, date of death 1827, gender, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au