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Winifred Dowling

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Winifred Dowling
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1776
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 7th May, 1862
Age: 86 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Murder
Convicted at: Ireland, Kilkdare
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Atlas
Departure date: 29th November, 1801
Arrival date: 7th July, 1802
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 198 other convicts

References

Primary source: ‘Finns Leinster Journal’, Wed 19 August 1801 page 3, Irish Convicts to New South Wales 1788-1849 State Records of NSW - Convict Ship Indents - "Atlas" are 1802 NSWBDM registrations; Col Sec incoming Correspondence, Sydney Gazettes.
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Robin Sharkey on 26th March, 2016 wrote:

Winifred Dowling was transported for life on “Atlas” arriving NSW 1802, after being tried at Naas in Kildare in the summer of 1801. She arrived with her sister, Eliza Dowling, who had the same sentence.

IRISH CRIME - MURDER in 1798
(primary source:‘Finns Leinster Journal’, Wed 19 August 1801 page 3)

Both Winifred Dowling and Eliza Dowling, together with their mother Mary Dowling, and a woman named Elizabeth Byrne and Byrne son, had been found guilty of the May 1798 murder of a Mrs Deane. The Irish Rebellion started in that month, at Kildare, and the attacks and fighting from both sides were ferocious.

The womens’ mother however was hanged on Friday 14th August 1801, before their departure in November 1801, having attempted to gain some more time on earth by claiming, when she was found guilty, that she was pregnant.  The Byrne woman however was hanged the very next day after sentence.  The Dowling sisters would have received the same sentence of death, but it was commuted to transportation for life. The mother’s hanging would have occurred either outside the jail, or at the place where Mrs Deane had been murdered.

From ‘Finns Leinster Journal’, Wed 19 August 1801 page 3:
“On Friday last, Mary Dowling was executed at Naas, pursuant to her sentence at Spring Assizes. She and her two daughters, with Elizabeth Byrne and her son, were convicted of the murder of Mrs Deane, in May 1798.

“Elizabeth Byrne, above-mentioned, was executed the day after her conviction, but M. Dowling pleaded pregnancy, her execution was suspended from time to time, until she was finally examined by a surgeon, sent from the Assizes at Athy by Mr Baron Daly, who reported that she was not with child.”
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Robin Sharkey on 27th March, 2016 wrote:

* 1802 - arrival in NSW. She was given her “liberty off the stores to do the best she could for herself”.
* 1802, 17th Sept;  Married Francois “Durinault” in NSWBDM.
* Mid 1803 Son jean Durinault was born.

Francois Durinault arrived as Francis de Riveau, a French prisoner of war confined at Portsmouth with Antoine Landrien and both sent by the British to NSW to start wine growing. Arrive 1800 per “Royal Admiral” and were contracted for three years. At the end of 1803, Durinault was contracted for another year but landline was returned.

Following the Vinegar Hill uprising in 1804, Durinault was sent to England on suspicion of conspiring in the uprising. He was not heard of again.

*1804 -departure of her husband Francois Durinault, to England for good.

Whether Francois had purchased a farm for them, or whether Winifred purchased it after she left, clearly she owned what was known as Fenton’s 30 acres farm at prospect Hill since by the end of 1805 her brother-in-law, Lawrence May (eliza’s husband), was helping her to sell or let it.
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LIFE IN NSW
1805 - Syd Gaz 17/11/1805 p 1 TO be Let or Sold, with possession at pleasures
an excellent Thirty Acre Farm, situate at Prospect Hill, and known by the name of Fenton’s Farm; in present occupation of Winifred Durenalt 17 acres are in a high state of cultivation; as is also a roomy garden well stocked with fruit trees of various and best kinds. An excellent and commodious
Family Dwelling House, with good barn, and every other conveniency. For terms & further particulars apply to Mr. Lawrence May, Settler at Hawkesbury.
* 1806 Muster - TL, living on land purchased from “Fenton”
Total: 30 acres, Cultivated, 8 bushels wheat held, 4 male hogs 8 female hogs; On/off stores: 1 Proprietor off, 1 children off, 1 convict off;
1806 Concubine list - Winifred Dowling, one child. concubine.

1st Feb 1807, Syd gaz p 1 - To Be LET, And entered on immediately, AN excellent Thirty acre Farm at Prospect,18 acres clear,with good Dwelling House,barn and large garden.For further particulars apply to Mr Lawrence May,

1807 - Still trying to sell the Prospect farm through her brother-in-law: Lawrence May
1809 - She petitioned Col Paterson ( in charge in NSW for the whole of 1809)  for a remission of sentence, who gave her an Absolute Pardon. (per her memorandum to Macquarie in February 1810).  Her sister Eliza’s Feb 1810 petition to Macquarie to reinstate her Absolute Pardon was also in the same terms.

Robin Sharkey on 27th March, 2016 wrote:

LIFE AND FAMILY WITH EDWARD REDMOND
By 1807, Winifred had taken up with Edmond Redmond.  Convicted during the Irish Uprising of 1798, at King’s County, he arrived in 1800 aged 32 on “minerva”. Winfred would have far more in common with Redmond than with her first, French Husband.

In 1807, Redmond lived in a house near the General Hospital, at the bottom of George St (Sydney Gazette, 22 /3/1807 p 1) “On Tuesday night the house of EdwardRedmond, near the General Hospital, was entered, and a chest taken away which contained cash, bills &c. to a considerable amount besides a quantity of wearing apparel.”)

* Abt 1807 - Daughter Mary Redmond was born (in 1828 Census “aged 20”) Married on 22 Dec 1829 to Roger Murphy. Witness John Scarvell (her brother-in-law), Edmond Redmond and Edmond Burke.
* 1809 - Daughter Sarah Born. Sarah married 9 March 1828 to [John Larking] Scarvell, reg’d St Mary’s RC

* Winifred’s son Jean Durinault became known as John Redmond and was raised by Edward Redmond as his own son.

The girls, Sarah and Mary Redmond, were witnesses (aged about 14 and 16) at the marriage of their 20 yr old cousin Sarah May to Robert Cooper in 1822).

Edward Redmond had started as a small dealer and trader, and in 1809 acquired a spirit licence.  He was a publican, and trader, and in 1815, in partnership with Patrick Cullen, he leased the profitable tolls between Sydney and Parramatta. In 1816 he became an original shareholder in the Bank of NSW.  In 1820 he was elected to the committee set up to arrange for building a permanent Roman Catholic Church in Sydney, after services had been begun in temporary buildings on Redmond’s premises.

He grew wealthy and respected in the colony, and later in life acquired extensive property including the property of Andrew Thompson at the Hawkesbury called “Killarney”; and of Surgeon White of the First Fleet - 100 acres near Petersham and 30 acres near White Bay. By the time Redmond died in 1840 he had left farming properties at Petersham/Annandale, at the Hawkesbury, Bathurst, and houses in Sydmey, Windsor and Liverpool.

* 1810 - Winifred’s Petition to Gov Macqaurie to have her Absolute Pardon reinstated after Macquarie declared void all pardons issued during the Rum Rebellion.
* 1822 - Married Edward Redmond
* 1812 - Granted a “Free pardon” 29 February 1812. Recorded as Tried at Kildare, in Summer 1801.
* 1814 - records 4 children off stores (although sonly three known above). Mustered at Sydney, Wife to E Redmond.

* May 1822 Lived in hotel “Harp and Crown” at the Rocks (Rocks Policemen’s notebooks).

* 1828 Census lived at George St with Edward Redmond, per “Minerva” 1800 also an Absolute Pardon, no ages stated; and Mary Redmond, daughter, age 20.

Her husband Edward Redmond died in January 1840.
When did Winifred die?

Robin Sharkey on 27th March, 2016 wrote:

TYPOGRAPHICAL CORRECTION -
1811 Marriage of Winifred Durinault to Edward Redmond (not 1822), several years after birth of their daughters.
15th october 1811: Winifred could signer name but Edward made his mark, as he did all his life.  Witnesses were Ann Leonard and Edward O’Hara.

Sue McCarthy on 16th October, 2016 wrote:

For further information on Winefred Dowling and her French husband please contact me:
suemccarthy46@gmail.com

Glen on 30th October, 2018 wrote:

Born: 1776 , Tried: 1801     Kildare       Sentence: Life, aged 26

DOWLING, Winifred per Atlas 1802 - 29 Feb 1812 Absolute Pardon [4/4486; Reel 800 Page 044]

Convict Changes History

Robin Sharkey on 26th March, 2016 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 99 years, voyage, source: ‘Finns Leinster Journal’, Wed 19 August 1801 page 3 State Records of NSW - Convict Ship Indents - "Atlas" are 1802 (prev. ), firstname: Winifred, surname: Dowling, alias1: , alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date

Robin Sharkey on 27th March, 2016 made the following changes:

source: ‘Finns Leinster Journal’, Wed 19 August 1801 page 3 State Records of NSW - Convict Ship Indents - "Atlas" are 1802 NSWBDM registrations; Col Sec incoming Correspondence, Sydney Gazettes. (prev. ‘Finns Leinster Journal’, Wed 19 August 1801 page 3 S

Sue McCarthy on 16th October, 2016 made the following changes:

date of death: 7th May, 1862 (prev. 0000)

Glen on 30th October, 2018 made the following changes:

source: ‘Finns Leinster Journal’, Wed 19 August 1801 page 3, Irish Convicts to New South Wales 1788-1849 State Records of NSW - Convict Ship Indents - "Atlas" are 1802 NSWBDM registrations; Col Sec incoming Correspondence, Sydney Gazettes. (prev. ‘Finns L

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