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James Toft

James Toft, one of 300 convicts transported on the General Hewett, August 1813

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Toft
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1768
Occupation: Clerk
Date of Death: 17th October, 1813
Age: 45 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Embezzlement
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: General Hewett
Departure date: August, 1813
Arrival date: 7th February, 1814
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 300 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 119 (61)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Robin Sharkey on 11th December, 2013 wrote:

James Toft was 45 when he was entered in the English Criminal Registers as being found guilty on 9 April 1813 of embezzling money from his employer. He was a clerk for a London grain Merchant, Thomas Hankis, and worked in his accompting-house in Bishopsgate.  James was to sell and receive payment for flour but he had been failing to account to his employer for the payments of some customers and when his employer became suspicious of him on one Friday’s accounting day over one particular customer, James admitted to having embezzled a large amount of money and having to settle his account to £320, begging the employer to let him stand it over till the Monday.  He would not.

James died in October 1813, two months into the General Hewitt’s voyage to Australia, one of 34 convicts dying enroute.  They were poorly looked after, suffering from dysentery and typhoid, having their salt ration bought from them by the captain and having their wet bedding tossed over board, leaving them nothing in the cold weather.

He had at least three sons and four daughters. His wife, Elizabeth, nee Mitchell, had set off to Australia as a free passenger on the Broxbournebury six months after his departure, with their four daughters.  She did not know he had already died enroute until she landed in NSW.  She and her girls were placed on government charity and registered as such in the 1814 Muster.  In 1816 she lived with her family in a hut near Cockle Bay.  At least by 1822 (Muster) she was living with William Mannix, but did not officially marry him until 1835 when she was about 55 years old.  She died in 1850 aged about 70.

Bronwyn Brunsdon on 25th April, 2016 wrote:

James Toft died en route to NSW (off Rio de Janerio) in October 1813.

Convict Changes History

Robin Sharkey on 11th December, 2013 made the following changes:


Bronwyn Brunsdon on 25th April, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1st March, 1758 (prev. 0000), date of death: 17th October, 1813 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation

Julie Fletcher on 8th September, 2018 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1768 (prev. 1st March, 1758)

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au