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Mary Ann Wilson
Mary Ann Wilson, one of 89 convicts transported on the Earl of Liverpool, December 1830
Name, Aliases & Gender
||Mary Ann Wilson
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 60 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to 7 years
||Middlesex Gaol Delivery
30th December, 1830
9th May, 1831
|Place of arrival
||Van Diemen's Land
Travelled with 181 other convicts
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/7, Page Number 537 (271)
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Maureen Withey on 19th April, 2020 wrote:
Mary Ann Wilson was transported on the America, not the Earl of Liverpool.
Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 19 April 2020), September 1830, trial of CHARLES HENSON MARIA KING MARY ANN WILSON (t18300916-104).
CHARLES HENSON, MARIA KING, MARY ANN WILSON, Violent Theft > robbery, 16th September 1830.
Before Mr. Justice Bolland.
1569. CHARLES HENSON , MARIA KING , and MARY ANN WILSON were indicted for feloniously assaulting Louisa Rebecca Elliss , on the 2nd of August , putting her in fear, and taking from her person, and against her will, 2 neck-chains, value 4l.; 1 eye-glass, value 30s.; 1 brooch, value 8s.; 1 pair of ear-rings, value 4l.; 1 sovereign, and 3 half-sovereigns, her property .
MR. PHILLIPS conducted the prosecution.
LOUISA REBECCA ELLISS. I live at No. 3, Church-passage, Basinghall-street - I know the two female prisoners. On the 2nd of August I went to No. 7, Francis-street, Vinegar-yard - Henson opened the door to me; I sent out for a quartern and a half of gin - I had two sovereigns, and four half-sovereigns, but no silver; I sent half a sovereign out for the gin - Henson and Wilson partook of it with me; another quartern and a half was got, which Henson gave Wilson the money for - the witness Murray came in, and partook of the gin, and soon after the prisoner King came in, we had some coffee; I sat down on a sofa in the room, and am quite certain when I sat down that I had my purse in my bosom - soon afterwards Wilson, King, and Murray accompanied me into the yards, leaving Henson in the room; a piece of tobacco-pipe was thrown down into the yard, as if from the room we had just left, and just at that time Wilson said,“Take care, Miss Elliss, you don’t drop your purse down that hole” - I did not observe any hole; I said, “Oh no, it is in my bosom” - I put my hand to my bosom, and said immediately, “Oh no, it is gone;” I immediately returned to the room, and the purse was on the sofa - I opened it, and immediately said, “I have been robbed;” three half-sovereigns and some silver were gone - Wilsonsaid I did that with a view to make her give me money, and that I had it concealed about my person; I undressed, and they searched me all over; every thing except my under garment was taken off - nothing whatever was found on me; I then opened my purse and emptied it out on the table - there were two sovereigns and some silver in it; the three half-sovereigns were not there - the three prisoners and Murray were in the room; as I was gathering my money up into my purse, a sovereign was gone off the table - I said, “Yes, you have taken another sovereign;” some one then put their hand on the table, and upset it with the other sovereign and the silver on the floor - I looked on the floor, and said, “Here is a sovereign;” I caught it up, and picked up some of the silver - Murray picked up some and gave to me, that is all I got; I said,“You have robbed me now of all but a sovereign and a little silver” - Wilson told me if I did not leave the house I should repent having said they robbed me; King then said, “Do you say, Miss Elliss, that I have got your money?” - I said, “I don’t know which of you have got it, but I am certain one of you have, for in this house I have lost it;” King then took off her clothes to satisfy me she had not got it - she then said she would make me repent saying she had taken my money, and struck me; I cried, and Wilson immediately struck me - Henson then told me I was to leave the house; when Wilson and King struck me he said, “Give it her bl-y well” - he then asked me what I wanted; I told him I wanted my money - he said if I had lost any money, I might go and seek my redress, and fetch a Policeman; I said I would not leave the house till I had the money I had lost there - he said he had 16s. in his pocket, which he would give me if I would leave the house and be quiet, for he was master, and would not have a row there; he did not produce it - I would not take the 16s., and he tried to push me out of the house and I resisted; he then struck me a violent blow on the forehead, and my eye swelled up - Wilson and King then struck me in the face, and my eye burst out bleeding; I fainted and fell on the ground, close to the door - after recovering I endeavoured to get up, but all the three prisoners held me down; I screamed Murder! - I was so faint I could not resist either of them: I am certain Wilson and King were pressing me down, and Henson was close to them - I was obliged to bite Wilson to extricate myself; in this scuffle I found I had lost a neck-chain and an eye-glass - the chain that was about my neck was off my person; I inquired for them - they told me they were about the place some where; I did not get them again - they then all three struck me. and tried to push me out of the room into the street; one of my ear-rings came out, and the other was torn out, flesh and all, and the blood was streaming down my neck- I screamed Murder! they pushed me out and locked the door upon me, and threw my bonnet out after me - King and Murray remained in the house; I knocked at the door violently to get Murray out - the door was opened, and I saw two brokers enter the house; I went in - the brokers claimed 22s. for rent; all the prisoners were there - Wilson said she was going to send 11s. to the landlord in the course of the day, and soon after Henson tendered some money to the brokers, whether it was 11s. or 16s. I do not know - the broker refused to take it; Wilson then looked at henson, told him to go up stairs, and he would find two half-sovereigns under a pot - he went and brought down a purse, (not mine) and was going to take the money out; I did not see the money, for I entreated the brokers not to take it, as it was my money, and I had been robbed of it - the broker did not take it; King went out with him to give the money - I asked the broker if he was an officer to protect me; he said he was not, and went out, promising to send me an officer - I went to Gibbons’ house, right opposite, to wash myself: my face was at this time bleeding profusely, and my ear, my neck, and back were bleeding - while I was washing King came to the window, and when she saw the door open she came in, and said, “Now, Miss Elliss, do you say I gave you that black eye?” I said,” You and the rest of them” - my eye and ear were bleeding then; she then came in and struck me in the mouth, and my mouth burst out bleeding - Mrs. Gibbons and every body saw her do that; three officers came, and I was taken in a coach to the station.
Cross-examined by MR. BARRY. Q. Are you sure Louisa Rebecca Ellis is your real name? A. That is my real name - I never went by any other names in my life; I never went by the name of Rebecca French - I was never called or known by that name, or any other than I have given; I am a housekeeper, and am partly under the protection of a gentleman who was in Switzerland at the time - he wrote to me from there on the 21st of June; he left town sixteen or eighteen days before this - I occasionally see other gentlemen; I had never been to this house before - I went there to see Wilson, having heard she was ill, and I had previously known her- I did not find it to be a “company house;” I was on good terms with Wilson - I left home about a quarter or half-past ten o’clock; I called on Mr. Buchanan, my doctor, and on Mrs. Buckmaster, a dress-maker, to know where Wilson lived; I called no where else, and drank nothing before I got to Wilson’s - I usually drink wine, but sometimes take none all day; Wilson asked if I would take any thing - I said I did not care, and asked what she would have - she said gin, and gin was sent for; I took part of a glass - three quarterns were sent for while I was there; a dirty little girl was sent for it.
Q. Will you swear eleven quarterns were not sent for before you went into the yard? A. I swear it was not so, and that I was sober - I felt a sensation after taking the coffee which I never felt before - it was not through the gin; two hours nearly elapsed between my taking the coffee and the gin - I did not go to sleep on the sofa; I felt faint after taking the coffee, for eight or ten minutes; they were all in the room then - I had seen Murray several times before; she is a woman of the town.
Q. Did you join the party she was in? A. The truth is, I was ashamed she should see me there, and turned my head when she entered, and she wished to avoid me - we were obliged to recognize each other; before I sat on the sofa, some triffling dispute arose about the French polish on my table - Wilson was speaking of her table being polished; I told her I had spoiled mine with French polish, and should not have been out, but I was going to my cabinet-maker’s to send to do it again; we had a little dispute about it, but not a quarrel - I was not sick at all there; I went into the yard, complaining of faintness - when I left home I had four half-sovereigns, two sovereigns, and 5s. 6d.which my servant put into my purse; I paid 6d. for an omnibus to Mr. Buchanan’s, in Finsbury-terrace, and 5s. I paid away - I swear I was perfectly sober - the chains and eye-glass were taken from me after I was struck; when I entered the house again, Murray told me King had taken a pair of ear-rings and handed them to somebody - they hung in my ears in two holes.
Q. When you returned to the room, and charged the persons with stealing your money, did they not one and all become indignant at it? A. Only Wilson - King said nothing till she offered to be searched, but she had been out of the room several hours; we all nearly stripped - they did not say any of the money had fallen from me when on the sofa - it might have gone down some cracks; the carpet was taken up after the table was thrown over, but no money found; I took up one sovereign before the carpet was taken up - it was not taken up till after I returned to the room; it was kicked along the edges, but not taken up and folded - I observed no hole in the yard; when I returned to the room I found a pipe with a piece broken off it; I did not fight with King - I defended myself as well as I could; she was dreadfully abusive, but I could not contend with her - my ear-rings were not torn out in the scuffle; I was upon my feet when they were torn from me - they were then trying to eject me from the house; the officer has my ear-rings and chains - I still miss a brooch; a comb which was in my hair has been found since.
Q. Did you not state at the Police-office, that you believed they did not intend to rob you? A. I said I was extremely ill-used - I was cross-examined, and Mr. Platt all but urged it on me; he told me to remember the prisoners, and said, “Don’t you think it possible they tore the things from you with a view to disfigure you and injure you?” and at last I said (by his persuasion) possibly it might be so, but that was not the statement I gave before Mr. Broughton - I said I thought it very impossible, and next to impossible that my purse could have fallen out of my bosom; I had a high neck dress on, fastened behind - I put my purse inside.
Cross-examined by MR. CLARKSON. Q. Did you at any time tell Mary Gibbs , that you did not believe Henson had robbed you? A. Never - she is my washerwoman; I never told her so - she begged me to be merciful to Henson, and to spare him, but she wished the women might be punished; I said I would not more than I could help, but I must speak the truth, and I believed it was him received the money from King - I never asked Murray if Henson had any property, or that I had inquired and found he had- I never inquired about it; I do not know Howarth - I was fainting in the street, and had a glass of water, but from whom I do not know - I was never in Howarth’s house; I swear I was sober - the child only fetched three half-quarterns of liquor while I was in the house.
MR. PHILLIPS. Q. How often do you think King left the room before she offered to be searched? A. I think three times, but will swear to two - I did not find either of my half-sovereigns; I only went there to see Wilson - she had previously told me how very badly she was off, and had neither money nor clothes; when I got there she told me she was ill, she had not been out for a week, and had no clothes to come out in; I went to relieve her - my ears are now so sore, the rings are fastened to them with loops.
COURT. Q. You said at the examination you did not think the chains and ear-rings were taken to rob, but to injure you? A. Yes - I am perfectly satisfied if they could have taken them they would.
MARY ANN MURRAY . I live at No. 42, James-street, Hoxton. On the 7th of August I was at Wilson’s house in Francis-street; I found the prosecutrix, Henson, and Wilson there when I entered - King came in in about a quarter of an hour: Elliss was sitting down in a chair when I went in; after having some gin she took some coffee, and sat on the sofa - King sat on the foot of the sofa: about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour after taking the coffee she said she felt rather faint; (she was not sick) - Wilson and I accompanied her into the yard; a pipe of tobacco was thrown down, and Wilson said, “You have dropped your purse, mind your purse, for there are holes in the yard;” she missed her purse - we returned to the room, and she found her purse on the sofa, opened it, and accused them of robbing her of three half-sovereigns; she took off the best part of her things, because they supposed she had the money about her - no half-sovereigns were found: she then opened her purse, and put out two sovereigns and some silver on the table - the table was upset; I do not know how - Elliss did not do it; the three prisoners were in the room - Elliss picked up a sovereign, and some silver was found; Elliss said one of the sovereigns she had put on the table was gone - King said, “You may think yourself lucky you have got that, for there are cracks in the boards;” the carpet was moved to search - I remember King pulling off her clothes; nothing was found on her.
Q. We understand there was an outrage, and the brokers came in - in what state was Elliss’ face and ears at that time? A. Bleeding, and she was without her chains and ear-rings - she complained that her property was in the house; the brokers demand 22s. - some money was offered them; Elliss said, “Don’t take it, it is my money - I am robbed;” some officers came; I went with her to the station-house: she was very faint then - she had washed before that; Wilson said to Henson, “Go up stairs, and you will find the money to pay the brokers;” I got the chains and things afterwards, and handed them to the constable; the half-sovereigns and sovereign were never found.
Cross-examined by MR. CLARKSON. Q. You and Ellis are in the same kind of life? A. Yes, and the female prisoners also; I got to the house about half-past eleven or twelve o’clock in the morning; there was some gin in a decanter on the table - there appeared very little, and in about five minutes, Elizabeth Howard , the little girl, came, when Wilson called her to fetch an errand, which was more gin; I think it was about a pint decanter - I will not swear it would not hold a quart; I swear Howard did not go for gin above three times - I did not notice whether she took the decanter; none of us got drunk: gin was only fetched three times, and it was only 6d. worth each time.
Q. Will you swear the girl did not go nine times, and that there was not as many as eleven quarterns and a half of gin? A. Yes: I have had no conversation with Elliss about Henson having property, not a word; she did not ask if he had property, or say she had made inquiry, andfound he had; I did not strip. King did: Elliss charged them all with the robbery; King took off her stays and flannel petticoat - we were not all almost naked together in the room; only King and the prosecutrix stripped: when the quarrel began King fought nearly naked; Elliss’ clothes were on; she did not fight: I heard Wilson say she had bit her on the ground, but I did not see her bite or fight: she tried to defend herself, not by striking, but by begging of them for mercy; she was not drunk at any part of the transaction: I was at Gibbons’, she was not drunk there - I had about three glasses; I suppose we were drinking from half-past eleven or twelve to one o’clock: something was said about French polish, but the quarrel did not begin till Elliss accused them of robbing her; violence followed that, and I begged of them not to ill-use her: I cannot tell who upset the table; the carpet was over the middle of the room: no cracks were pointed out.
Cross-examined by MR. BARRY. Q. Are you in the habit of taking gin so early? A. No; I was not the least in liquor; there was no quarrel about the French polish, nor any altercation - I picked up one chain, and King the quizzing-glass, and gave it to me to give Elliss; I had not known Elliss long - when the broker came Wilson said the money was up stairs.
MR. PHILLIPS. Q. Was there any quarrel or dispute about the French polish? A. No; Elliss did not appear faint or ill till after she had had the coffee.
COURT. Q. Where you at the table all the time the gin was there? A. Yes; Elliss partook of part of what was sent for - she had about three glasses.
ANN PHILLIPS . I am servant to Miss Elliss. On the 2nd of August she went out about eleven o’clock in the morning - I saw two sovereigns, four half-sovereigns, and some silver on her dressing-table before she went out - I put it into her purse, in her presence; she went out immediately.
Cross-examined by MR. BARRY. Q. How did you happen to put it in? A. I always assist in dressing her, and saw her count her money.
HENRY PICKFORD . I am a broker, and live at Eastrow. On the 2nd of August I went to this house for 22s. - I waited for the door to be opened; the warrant was signed against Wilson - Henson is not master of the house; I saw the prisoners there, and saw Elliss in the act of putting her petticoats on - she had a blow on one eye, which bled profusely; I did not observe her ears - she seemed particularly agitated, and said she had been robbed - all the prisoners were there; Henson offered me 11s., which I refused - some person said, “Go up stairs and fetch the money;” I cannot swear which it was, but I think it was Wilson - some money was brought down, which Henson offered me; I did not see whether it was gold or silver, for Elliss immediately caught hold of my hands to prevent my taking it, saying she had been robbed of it; she certainly knew what she was doing, though agitated; Henson said if she had been robbed to seek her redress - I afterwards went into the next house, which was empty; King came in after me, and I received from her two half-sovereigns and 2s. - she said if the prosecutrix had been robbed it served her right, for she had robbed hundreds.
Cross-examined by MR. CLARKSON. Q. This is a house where girls of the town live? A. I presume so; I certainly took the prosecutrix to be the worse for liquor, but still to know what she was about; Murray seemed the most collected - I did not notice any being the worse for liquor but the prosecutrix; I did not know this house before, nor the prosecutrix, though it seems she had seen me; the landlord-had informed me he wished to get rid of the party because it was a had house; Henson did not offer to send for a Policeman in my hearing; I was not above ten minutes settling my business - Elliss said, “For God’s sake, if you are an officer, protect me, for I have been ill-used and robbed.”
Cross-examined by MR. BARRY. Q. You found you had seen Elliss before? A. She bought an article at my shop two months before, and I took it home; her name is on the door, on a brass plate.
MR. PHILLIPS. Q. Did Murray appear perfectly capable of observing what occurred, and understanding it? A. Certainly.
Convict Changes History
Maureen Withey on 19th April, 2020 made the following changes:
voyage, gender: f