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George Simpson

George Simpson, one of 200 convicts transported on the Fortune, November 1812

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: George Simpson
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 18th November, 1792
Occupation: Farmer
Date of Death: 4th July, 1870
Age: 77 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 53 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Sheep-stealing
Convicted at: York County Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Fortune
Departure date: November, 1812
Arrival date: 11th June, 1813
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 199 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 90
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Liz Haddon on 12th January, 2018 wrote:

George served as the surveyor’s chainman on John Oxley’s 2nd and 3rd exploration expeditions to the interior for which he was granted an absolute pardon and 2000 acres of land at Airds near Campbelltown.
He married (1) Ann Heyden (b NSW 1806) in 1821 and following her death in 1841 he m (2) Mary Ann Cooke nee Crouch (b Ewhurst, Sussex, England.)

Iris Dunne on 3rd February, 2019 wrote:

Thomas Simpson on same ship, convicted same day, probable relative. Thomas died on the voyage.

Liz Haddon on 15th April, 2019 wrote:

George’s brother Thomas was convicted with George and was also transported on the “Fortune”.

George was granted an unconditional pardon after acting as chainman for John Oxley on his second and third journeys of exploration in New South Wales

Larina Harper on 2nd September, 2019 wrote:

George and Thomas Simpson were tried together for the crime of Sheep stealing and also deported for life. they both are reported to have bought land together. I can’t find any information on Thomas at this time: https://australianroyalty.net.au/individual.php?pid=I83219&ged=purnellmccord.ged

Maureen Withey on 2nd September, 2019 wrote:

Last week were committed to the Castle, Thomas Simpson and George Simpson, late of Hemsworth, labourers, charged on suspicion with having stolen from Brierley, in the West Riding, five ewes and three lambs, - the property of Joshua Jackson, of Brierley, in the said Riding. 
York Herald 17 Aug 1811

Maureen Withey on 2nd September, 2019 wrote:

Yorkshire Lent Assizes 1812
… passed sentence on the following prisoners, who have taken their trials before him during the present Assizes, and have been found Guilty; Thomas Simpson and George Simpson for sheep-stealing; ...
York Herald 21 Mar 1812

On Monday morning the following prisoners left the Castle in order to be delivered on board the Hulks lying up Portsmouth River, viz. ...Thomas Simpson and George Simpson, for sheep-stealing, convicted at last Assizes, …
York Herald, 16 May 1812

Maureen Withey on 31st July, 2020 wrote:

NSW 1828 Census Index.
George Simpson, age 33, A.P. per Fortune, 1813, life, protestant, Settler Airds district, holds total 124 acres, 110 cleared and 49 cultivated. Has 8 horses and 6 cattle.
Ann Simpson, age 23, Born in Colony.
Thomas, age 6, born in Colony, James age 4, B.C.
Anna, age 2, B.C.
Thomas Simpson, age 37, C.P. per Fortune 1813, Life.

Census shows George and his wife and children, and presumably his brother. so it appears Thomas did not die on the journey to NSW.

Penny-Lyn Beale on 10th December, 2020 wrote:

New South Wales Certificate of Freedom. [NRS 12208] Register of Certificate of Freedoms
No; 340
Name; George Simpson
When and where tried; York Assizes - 7 March 1812
Sentence; Life
Ship and arrival year; Fortune 2nd. 1813
Date of Certificate; 1 Dec 1818
Description and Remarks;
Native County; Yorkshire
Trade; Labourer
Age; 25 years [1793]
Height; 5 ft 6 3/4 inches
Complexion; Fair Ruddy
Hair; Brown
Eyes; Hazel
Additional Remarks; Delivered 10 Feb 1819

Convict Changes History

Liz Haddon on 12th January, 2018 made the following changes:

date of birth: 18th November, 1792 (prev. 0000), date of death: 4th July, 1870 (prev. 0000), occupation, crime

Iris Dunne on 12th January, 2018 made the following changes:

gender: m

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au