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Richard Sculthorpe

Richard Sculthorpe, one of 300 convicts transported on the General Hewett, August 1813

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Richard Sculthorpe
Aliases: Skulthorpe, Skuthorpe
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 13th August, 1791
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 2nd June, 1880
Age: 88 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Horse theft
Convicted at: Suffolk Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: General Hewett
Departure date: August, 1813
Arrival date: 7th February, 1814
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 300 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 124
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Evan Skuthorpe on 1st April, 2016 wrote:

Sculthorpe’s name was changed to ‘Skuthorpe’ after arriving in Sydney.

Phil Hands on 2nd August, 2017 wrote:

Richard was tried and convicted at the Suffolk assizes on 24th March 1813 for stealing a horse, he was sentenced to transportation for life, on 10th May he was moved from the local gaol to a prison hulk moored at Portsmouth.
Left England on 26th August 1813.
Ship:- the ‘General Hewart’ sailed with 300 male convicts on board of which 34 died during the voyage.
arrived on 7th February 1814.

Bury and Norwich Post Wednesday 31st March 1813 p. 2
The following nine other prisoners were also capitally convicted, viz. ...Richard Sculthorpe for stealing a bay mare from Mr Wm. Jones, of Sudbury.
Bury and Norwich Post Wednesday 12th May 1813 p. 2
On Monday last, 15 male convicts were removed from our gaol to be put on board the hulks at Portsmouth, viz…Richard Sculthorpe…

On arrival in the Colony, Richard appears to have been assigned as a Government Servant to George Howell at Parramatta and it was possibly here that he met and later married his first wife, free settler Eleanor Irwin (nee Connor). This marriage would appear to have not been Legal, as Ellen had a husband in the Colony, convict Ormsby Irwin (‘Boyd’ 1809),who was very much alive in 1818 when she married Richard, and she was also the mother of 3 children. As to whether or not Richard was aware of her background at the time of his marriage is not known, as she would appear to have used her maiden name. Of course it is quite possible that she was not married to the man with whom she came to the Colony, Ormsby Irwin, although she did travel as his wife, and she appears in all Legal Records of her early years of residence in the Colony as his wife….

20th October 1817 eldest son Richard born. Baptised at St Peters Anglican, Richmond in October.
13th October 1818 marriage - St Peters Anglican, Richmond
At the time of the marriage Richard was working as an assigned servant of George Howell, miller, at Richmond. He was living with his family at Upper Richmond which is today called Yarramundi
About 1819 son Thomas born
1823 eldest daughter Ellen born. Baptised that year, place unknown
26th July 1826 2nd daughter Frances born. Baptised 4 years later
22nd April 1828 eldest daughter Ellen buried, aged 5 years - St Peters Anglican, Richmond
Prior to 30 June 1828 Richard was the District Constable at North Richmond. He stood down on that day
November 1828 census “Richard Sculthorpe” with a Ticket of Leave is shown as a farmer - North Richmond. His farm shown as 385 acres of which 285 cleared and of these 130 under cultivation. He had in his employ an assigned convict, and a ticket-of-leave man. He had 78 cattle, 5 sheep, and 3 horses. His and Eleanor’s ages both shown as 35
December 1828 3rd daughter Ellen born
June 1829 3rd daughter Ellen baptised - St Peters Anglican, Richmond
June 1829, 2 weeks after baptism, 3rd daughter Ellen buried, aged 6 months - Richmond
1830 marriage of Eleanor’s daughter Mary Ann Brodie to John Long - St Johns Anglican, Parramatta
15th June 1830 3rd son John born
11th July 1830 baptism of 3rd son John and 2nd daughter Frances (as Fanny) - St Johns Anglican, Parramatta.
11th July 1830 Richard’s occupation given as “Overseer” and residence as Parramatta
10th January 1833 4th daughter Elizabeth born. Baptised 18 months later
24th June 1835 4th daughter Elizabeth baptised at St James Anglican, Sydney on same day as Eleanor’s grandchild John Long, the son of her daughter Mary Ann Brodie, was baptised.
24th June 1835 Richard was shown as a farmer at North Richmond
1836 son Richard married Elizabeth Ezzey - St Peters Anglican, Richmond
1839 son Thomas married Mary Ann Cribb - St Peters Anglican, Richmond
1841 census “Richard Skuthorpe”, an emancipated convict over 45 years of age, is shown living in the County of Cook, district of Windsor, with Eleanor (her age is given as under 45 but she was older) and their youngest children John and Elizabeth (Elizabeth was 7 but is shown as under 6). Also on the farm are 2 male farm workers, both emancipated convicts, between the ages of 22 and 44. There is one person who is Roman Catholic, Eleanor, and everyone else is Anglican.
1841 census son “Richard Skuthorpe” is shown living in the County of Cook, district of Windsor, with his wife, 2 daughters, and 2 sons. Also on the farm is 1 male farm worker, an emancipated convicts between the ages of 22 and 44. This farm worker is Roman Catholic. Everyone else is Anglican.
1841 census son “Thomas Skuthorpe” is shown living in the County of Cook, district of Windsor, with his wife and baby son. Also on the farm is 1 male farm worker, an emancipated convicts between the ages of 45 and 59. Everyone is Anglican.
1846 daughter Frances married John Markwell - St Peters Anglican, Richmond
November 1848 son John buried - Richmond. Stated age 19, but he was 18. He drowned
1850 daughter Elizabeth married William Lamrock - Presbyterian Church, Windsor
16th May 1856 son Thomas died of typhoid fever and buried at Richmond. His wife had died in 1854 and they left behind 6 orphaned children
14th January 1857 Richard’s wife Eleanor died at Richmond and was burried at the Skulthorpe family vault, in the cemetery adjoining St Peters, Richmond.

In 1858 Richard married Sarah Douglass, a widow, at Windsor Presbyterian Church. Sarah had been born in Richmond and was 42 at the time of the marriage. She was the daughter of convicts John Sherwood, ‘Glatton’ 1803 and Ann Lane, ‘Speke I’ 1808. Sarah was the widow of James Douglass whom she had married in 1836. At the time of her marriage to Richard she was the mother of about 8 surviving children ranging in age from about 6 to 22. Sarah became ill passed away on the 28th November, 1860, stated age 46. There were no children born to this marriage.

On 10th September 1861 Richard Skulthorp married Louisa McGuire, a widow, at Richmond. Louisa, aged 50, had been born in the Colony, the daughter of convicts Daniel McKay, ‘Royal Admiral’ 1792 and Judy Quinland, ‘Experiment I’ 1804. She was the widow of George McGuire whom she had married in 1832. At the time of her marriage to Richard she was the mother of 10 children. There were no children born to this marriage.

The first school at Grose Vale was a Provisional School established in 1871 on land donated by Richard Skuthorp and orignally known as the Kurrajong South School and in 1929 officially renamed the Grose Vale Public School.

Richard passed away at the age of 88 years on 2nd June 1880 at his home called Lemon Forest’, Kurrajong. He was buried with other members of his Family in his Vault in the Churchyard at Richmond.
On 13th October 1885 his 3rd wife Louisa died. She was buried in the same cemetery but not in the Family Vault.

Convict Changes History

Anna Tuck on 11th June, 2013 made the following changes:

alias1, date of birth 1793, date of death 1880, gender

Evan Skuthorpe on 1st April, 2016 made the following changes:

alias2: Skuthorpe

Phil Hands on 2nd August, 2017 made the following changes:

date of birth: 13th August, 1791 (prev. 1793), date of death: 2nd June, 1880 (prev. 1880), crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au